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The Bionic Mosquito on Baseball

It is nothing less than magnificent. 

Everyone should read this. Whether you are a baseball fan or not.

It reminds me a bit, don’t ask, of something I once wrote that I think similar:

Block, Walter E. 2014A. “Block Discovers New Source of Inequality; Calls for government action.” June 3; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2014/06/walter-e-block/walter-block-discovers-a-new-source-of-inequality/ (unequal moons).

Block, Walter E. 2014B. “Responses to Critics of my Call for Interplanetary Welfare: Sharing Moons: Must we resort to interplanetary warfare?” June 5; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2014/06/walter-e-block/must-we-resort-to-interplanetary-warfare/

However, I must take issue with this author on two points. These are still problematic:

Houston Astros

The Astronauts are imperialists. They are aiming to colonize the moon, Mars and asteroids.

Seattle Mariners

Mariners hunt fish. Not good. Fish, too, have rights, more than white males in any case.

Best regards,



2:55 pm on September 4, 2021

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100 most influential philosophers in the world.

Good News!

Please allow me to share some good news with you.

Best regards,


From: Anderton, Charles
Sent: Wednesday, August 11, 2021 2:12 PM
To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>
Subject: 100 most influential philosophers in the world.

Hi Walter,

Are you aware that you made the list as one of the top 100 philosophers in the world over the last 30 years? See #92.


All the best,




2:17 am on August 13, 2021

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Walter Block to Start New Blog/Podcast

Dear Folks:

I intend to start up a podcast and blog of my own, following in the footsteps of my friends Tom Woods and Bob Murphy. If you would like to be informed when it is ready,  please write to my assistant on this blog – podcast, Luis Rivera, at LuisRivera3@hotmail.com, and we will add you to the announcement list.

Best regards,



12:12 pm on June 9, 2021

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My good friend Bob Wenzel passed away a few days ago, peacefully, in his sleep. Rest in peace, my good friend.

Many people knew Bob as the creative, informative, inspiring author of his two blogs, Economic Policy Journal and Target Liberty. I knew him in that way too, of course, since my morning would not be complete if is did not “rev up” each day by a perusal of these brilliant offerings of his. On more than one occasion I was delighted to find that he had mentioned me in one or the other or both of these. And on many more occasions I was inspired by his thoughts to write articles and op eds of my own on topics he had raised. My one regret about him is that he and I never co-authored any publication.

I won’t say that these contributions of his were the tip of the iceberg in terms of his support for liberty and good (Austrian) economics. They were much more than that. But, perhaps lesser known to people outside of his home in San Francisco, he did much more than that. He started up the San Francisco Circle Rothbard (that name tells you where Bob’s heart was at), which featured regular meetings of a group of local Austro-libertarians; I attended several of these gatherings, in my semi-regular visits to that city and I was most impressed by the intellectual level and the passion of these discussions. Bob was a mainstay of the anarcho-capitalist movement in that important area of our country.

He was an inveterate debater. I was one of his many debating partners, on more than just several occasions. (He and I only agreed on 99.9% of all issues in political economy). That was an experience and a half. Bob was always exceedingly polite in our debates, and friendly, as would be appropriate given our relationship (I say “debating partners,” not debating opponents because of this), but when push came to shove, when we got “down and dirty” in the trenches, I realized I was in for a real tussle.

In this appreciation of him and his life, I wanted to give readers a sense of what he was like. So I used word search for “Wenzel” in my file that lists all of my books, articles, op eds, other publications, speeches, debates, interviews, etc. Guess how many hits I obtained? You’ll never guess! The number was 122. That is not a typo. Until I did that, I knew I was heavily involved in his life, and he in mine, but I didn’t realize just how much of my life was intertwined with his. I’m not going to list any of these, let alone all of them. The former would require that I pick and choose between them, something I am loathe to do, and the latter would be too over the top. Let me just say that a lot of my spiritual and intellectual input came from this good friend of mine.

Nor did I quite realize how much of an impact he had on many other people in the Austro-libertarian movement. But based on the number of RIPs I have seen, the concern dozens of his other friends evinced when he didn’t publish his two blogs for one day, and the outpourings of affection aimed in his direction upon his demise, that impact, too, was quite powerful.

Lew Rockwell is the grand old man of Austro-libertarian blogging; he started many years before Bob did; he is far more well known. One of the highest compliments I ever gave to Bob was to suggest to Lew that if and when he ever thought of retiring from these efforts of his and was looking around for a successor, Bob Wenzel would be an excellent candidate. I really can’t think of a better compliment than that.

Bob died at the tender age of 63. He was just a baby. But he was an enfent terrible, as the French would say. He was a man whose accomplishments were outstanding. The Austro-libertarian movement has just lost a great leader, and I have lost a good friend. RIP, Bob.

Walter E. Block, Ph.D.


2:17 am on June 1, 2021

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Is There A Right To Life in the Libertarian Philosphy?

Letter 1

From: DontPeal MyOnion

Sent: Sunday, December 27, 2020 8:11 PM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Individual Rights

Hey, Mr. Block in one of your lectures you said “there’s no right to life” could you elaborate on why this is so?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRb0uOnx2nA&t=158s from 1:45 – 1:56

Letter 2

On Sun, Dec 27, 2020 at 8:53 PM Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu> wrote:

Dear DPMO:

Who do I have the pleasure of communicating with?

Best regards,


Letter 3

From: DontPeal MyOnion

Sent: Monday, December 28, 2020 5:01 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Re: Individual Rights

My name is Richard Lechko, I am 16, I am a High School student in the U.S.A who reads political theory and I have gotten down a lot of economic groundwork in the Austrian school of thought and so now I am looking into philosophy. I have just received the book A History of Western Philosophy The Classical Mind by W.T. Jones and I am having trouble understanding what you meant when you said that you do not believe in the right to life. I’ve developed my knowledge on individual/natural rights from reading Ayn Rand’s lexicon and so hearing you say that there is no right to life is sort of conflicting to me.

If you are not available that is completely understandable!

Sincerely, Richard Lechko

Letter 4

On Mon, Dec 28, 2020 at 6:13 PM Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu> wrote:

Dear Richard:

I will undertake to substantively respond to your questions, but, I have a price: when choosing a College, you will seriously consider enrolling at Loyola. Do we have a deal?

Best regards,


Letter 5

From: DontPeal MyOnion

Sent: Monday, December 28, 2020 10:31 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Re: Individual Rights

I am still undecided on what I want to do with my life. I have 2 career choices to choose from and that is either: Computer Science or Political Science.I have not been swayed to go for either but if I do choose Political Science it would make the most sense to be mentored under your guidance. But I can tell you that I will consider enrolling to Loyola (New Orleans, LA).

Letter 6

Dear Richard:

That’s good enough for me. Now, to answer your question.

Libertarians oppose all positive rights, up to and including the so called right to life. We favor only negative rights: the right NOT to be murdered, NOT to be raped, NOT to be stolen from. All rights imply a correlative duty. So, with these rights, everyone has an obligation NOT to murder, NOT to rape, NOT to steal.

In very sharp contrast, positive rights also logically imply obligations. If people have a right to food, clothing and shelter, others have an obligation to supply those things to them. But, from whence do these obligations arise. From nowhere, since they are not legitimate rights. Rather, they constitute theft. If Peter has a right to food, then Paul is obliged to give food to him. But that constitutes theft from Paul.

Now, at long last, we arrive at the right to life. If I have a right to life, you are obliged to see to it that I remain alive. Thus, you become a slave of mine. I can order you to keep me alive, and you are legally obligated to obey me. I will then in effect have kidnapped you, enslaved you, but that is an obvious rights violation.

Right now, there are people dying in the poorer parts of our planet. If they have a right to life, then you and I and everyone else still living is a murderer. That’s nonsense on stilts.

Do you agree with this?

Best regards,



12:56 pm on April 22, 2021

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Libertarianism and the Nuke Question; Come to Loyola U to Study Austro-Libertarianism With Me

From: harris

Sent: Monday, December 21, 2020 9:25 PM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Two questions

Dear Mr. Block, I have several questions and I figured I would email you about these questions. My first question is that I want to get a degree in economics and possibly have a PhD in economics. I live in a mostly liberal/leftist state which is Washington State. Now, I looked and saw no universities in my state which has a professor that’s an austrian or teaches austrian economics. A lot of the schools that teach austrian economics or have austrian economists are over in the south or on the other side of the United States which I’m completely fine with. The only thing is out of state tuition which I might not be able to afford maybe if I get a scholarship I could get lucky not sure but I might have to go into debt doing so. Now, what would you reccomend for me to do in this situation? I mostly prefer being taught by an austrian. I saw the interview you just did where three people interview you and you mention something about having more people being students of already austrian economists. Being taught by a austrian economist really interests me. This is why I’m asking you this question about getting a degree in economics and possibly be a student of a austrian. Note that maybe there would be a austrian economist teaching in my state when I graduate from high school because I’m only 15 and I’m turning 16 next month.

My second question is under an anarcho-capitalist society how would we deal with nukes. The only thing I came to a conclusion if a person gets a hold of a nuke and launches it is a anti missle rocket or advanced technology in the world would counter that nuke. I have heard other people say nukes violate the NAP due to it can only be used in harmful ways. What is your opinion on nukes? Does it violate the NAP and are there other ways to counter nukes then what I listed to counter them?

Dear Harris:

Here’s my response to the nuke question:

Block, Walter E. and Matthew A. Block. 2000. “Toward a Universal Libertarian Theory of Gun (Weapon) Control,” Ethics, Place and Environment, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 289-298; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/theory_gun_control.pdfhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/228127780_Toward_a_Universal_Libertarian_Theory_of_Gun_(Weapon)_Control_A_Spatial_and_Georgraphical_Analysis?ev=prf_pubhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/228127780_Toward_a_Universal_Libertarian_Theory_of_Gun_Weapon_Control_A_Spatial_and_Georgraphical_Analysishttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/713665896

As for going to college, I urge you to apply to my school, among others, and see how much of a scholarship you can get.

Here’s the case in behalf of that plan:

Might you be interested in enrolling at Loyola and studying with me and my free enterprise-oriented colleagues? If so, take a peek at this material:



Loyola has a high tuition; this cannot be denied. However, this Jesuit University does award scholarships, not only on a need basis. As well there is the Walter Block Scholarship, which is additional to the funds offered by Loyola: http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2018/12/introducing-walter-e-block-scholarship.html

Further info on the WB scholarship:

Block, Walter E.  2019. “Prospective libertarian students should consider the Walter Block scholarship.” February 3;



The Walter Block Scholarship

I have been a professor of economics at Loyola since 2001. During that time, I have had numerous excellent students, who were interested in my research projects: Austrian economics and libertarian theory. I have been lucky that many of these students, while still in high school, read my publications and listened to my speeches, some in person for example at the Mises University, and others on the web. As a result, they enrolled at Loyola in order to study with me, and my half dozen fellow free enterprise professors. This might not sound like all that much, given that we have some 200 professors, but, believe me, Loyola New Orleans is a beacon of light as far as Rothbardianism and Misesianism are concerned. At next door Tulane University, with a faculty at least triple our size, there are only two professors who fit this bill. And at LSU in Baton Rouge, quadruple our size, there is not a single solitary professor who espouses such a political economic philosophy. Yes, we have numerous social justice warriors, Marxists, feminists, professors, as do virtually all universities. But, at least at Loyola, a student will be introduced to both sides of debatable issues, unlike at most universities. As well, with so many professors who appreciate economic freedom, there are many students who also do. According to research I have seen, one of the best predictors of student satisfaction is finding friends among the student body.  You will, here at Loyola.

So, if you are a student at a junior or two year university, which has no libertarian professors, and no students of this persuasion either, think of transferring to Loyola. If you are a high school student, getting ready to apply to university, consider us. If you are a parent or grandparent of a college age person, do consider suggesting that they apply for admission to Loyola, in order to study with me and my free enterprise fellow colleagues.

Just recently, a former student of mine has set up a Walter E. Block scholarship. It is worth $25,000, for the next four years, for a total of $100,000. I am now able to disburse these funds to Loyola students who demonstrate an interest in private property, free markets and limited government. Make no mistake about this, Loyola’s tuition is very high. However, my school does give generous scholarships, based on financial need, and also for other reasons. My scholarship money will be in addition to those funds, not a replacement for them. So, apply to Loyola, even if you thought our price tag was too high. With this scholarship money at my disposal, we can be financially competitive even with public universities.

This award is for students who are interested in studying the economics of free enterprise, who are supporters of the philosophy of private property rights, limited government, deregulation, free trade. Please provide me with evidence of your interest in this libertarian free market philosophy. Books you have read on this subject? Book reports on them? Term papers on this subject? Leaders of this philosophy by whom you have been influenced? As an application, please write me a letter along these lines. You can reach me at wblock@loyno.edu

Block, Walter E.  2019. “Attention High School Students.” February 6;


Block, Walter E. 2017. “C’mon Down To New Orleans; The Water’s Fine. Enroll at Loyola University.” June 27;


Loyola Economics Students Published Widely in Refereed Journals; http://www.loyno.edu/news/story/2017/7/17/3962


Block, Walter E.  2017. “The Best Place to Study Undergraduate Economics.” June 30; http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2017/06/the-best-place-to-study-undergraduate.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+economicpolicyjournal%2FKpwH+%28EconomicPolicyJournal.com%29

Wenzel, Robert. 2017. Interview with Walter E. Block. “The Inside Scoop on Studying Economics at Loyola University-New Orleans” September 3;



Block, Walter E. 2008. “Attention Students: Should You Get Your Ph.D. and Become a Professor?” June 28; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block104.html (debate with Gary North) https://www.lewrockwell.com/lrc-blog/young-person-saved-from-academia/;


Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (I’m #8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Block, Walter E. 2018. “Scholarship Opportunity: Spring 2019 New Business Students!” December 15; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/12/walter-e-block/scholarship-opportunity-spring-2019-new-business-students/

Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “An Opportunity to Study Under a Libertarian Great.” December 11;


Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “Introducing the Walter E. Block Scholarship.” December 11; http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2018/12/introducing-walter-e-block-scholarship.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+economicpolicyjournal%2FKpwH+%28EconomicPolicyJournal.com%29

Our economics department: http://business.loyno.edu/bios/faculty?field_bio_program_filter_value=Economics

Walter E. Block is Harold E. Wirth Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business, Loyola University New Orleans, and senior fellow at the Mises Institute. He earned his PhD in economics at Columbia University in 1972. He has taught at Rutgers, SUNY Stony Brook, Baruch CUNY, Holy Cross and the University of Central Arkansas. He is the author of more than 600 refereed articles in professional journals, two dozen books, and thousands of op eds (including the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and numerous others). He lectures widely on college campuses, delivers seminars around the world and appears regularly on television and radio shows.  He is the Schlarbaum Laureate, Mises Institute, 2011; and has won the Loyola University Research Award (2005, 2008) and the Mises Institute’s Rothbard Medal of Freedom, 2005; and the Dux Academicus award, Loyola University, 2007. Prof. Block counts among his friends Ron Paul and Murray Rothbard. He was converted to libertarianism by Ayn Rand. Block is old enough to have played chess with Friedrich Hayek and once met Ludwig von Mises, and shaken his hand. Block has never washed that hand since.  So, if you shake his hand (it’s pretty dirty, but what the heck) you channel Mises.

Walter E. Block received his Ph.D. in economics from Columbia University (1972). He has worked at Canada’s Fraser Institute and taught at Rutgers University, Baruch College, The State University of New York at Stony Brook, Holy Cross College, and University of Central Arkansas. He is Senior Fellow of the Mises Institute, recipient of the Institute’s 2005 Murray N. Rothbard Medal of Freedom and the 2011 Gary G. Schlarbaum Prize for Lifetime Achievement in the Cause of Liberty, and holds the Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair at Loyola University New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70118 wblock@loyno.edu. Loyola has among the highest proportion of free-market advocates of any economics department in the country (100%). Block is the author of Defending the Undefendable (I and II) and two dozen other books on economics, as well as over 600 journal articles. His latest few books are: Property Rights: The Argument for Privatization (2019); Philosophy of Law: The Supreme Court’s Non- Use of Libertarian Law (2019); Space capitalism: the case for privatizing space travel and colonization (2018); An Austro-Libertarian Critique of Public Choice (2017); Essays in Austrian Economics (2017). But he states that his greatest claim to fame is that he was a friend of Murray Rothbard’s for almost 30 years. He also brags that he shook the hand of Ludwig von Mises.

Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers; I’m in the middle, to the right of Hermann Hesse, and below Bruce Lee

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Dr. Walter Block has been in the forefront of the libertarian movement for over 50 years. Lew Rockwell has transferred the title of “Mr. Libertarian” from Murray Rothbard to Walter: https://www.lewrockwell.com/2010/11/lew-rockwell/the-astounding-walter-block/. Professor Block has done 100s of youtube lectures and interviews. He is responsible for a dozen professors now spreading The Gospel According to St. Murray. He has published over 600 articles in refereed journals and law reviews, almost 30 books (including the ever-popular Defending the Undefendable), and literally 1000s of op-eds in newspapers and blogs, including the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. Here is what Hayek had to say about Block’s book DTU: “Looking through Defending the Undefendable made me feel that I was once more exposed to the shock therapy by which, more than fifty years ago, the late Ludwig von Mises converted me to a consistent free market position. Even now I am occasionally at first incredulous and feel that ‘this is going too far,’ but usually find in the end that you are right. Some may find it too strong a medicine, but it will still do them good even if they hate it. A real understanding of economics demands that one disabuses oneself of many dear prejudices and illusions. Popular fallacies in economics frequently express themselves in unfounded prejudices against other occupations, and in showing the falsity of these stereotypes you are doing a real service, although you will not make yourself more popular with the majority”

Block is a leading Austrian School economist and an international leader of the freedom movement. His earliest work Defending the Undefendable (first edition Fleet 1976, latest edition Mises 2008, translated in 12 languages) is now, more than 30 years later, still regarded as a classic of libertarianism. This collection of essays, which argues in behalf of societal villains as economic scapegoats based on the principles of nonaggression, forces its reader to think and to rethink his initial knee-jerk emotional responses, and to gain a new and far sounder appreciation of economic theory and of the virtues and operations of the free market economy. Block’s writing was inspired by Henry Hazlitt, the author of the most widely read economics text Economics in One Lesson. Block’s latest book is: Yes to Ron Paul and Liberty.

Block has been a fixture in the libertarian movement for some four Decades. He actually met Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek, and was friends with, and mentored by, Murray Rothbard.  His contributions to academic libertarianism and to Austrian economics have been prodigious. Block’s writings continue to challenge the conventional wisdom (or ignorance) of how economics works and will retain its freshness for decades to come.  His public speaking style has been described as a combination of that of Woody Allen, Lenny Bruce and Murray Rothbard

Dr. Block has written over 600 articles for peer reviewed refereed journals, some two dozen books, and literally thousands of op eds for magazines and newspapers. Block appears widely on radio and television. He is a contributor to such scholarly journals as The Review of Austrian Economics, Journal of Libertarian Studies, The Journal of Labor Economics, and the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. He is currently Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business Administration, at Loyola University New Orleans.

Walter E. Block is the Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics at Loyola University New Orleans. His Ph.D. was from Columbia University. His interests include Austrian economics and libertarian theory. He has published almost 600 articles in refereed journals, 27 books, and thousands of op eds.He lectures globally at university campuses, business and civic groups. He has a series on privatization (roads, oceans and space); his most popular books are Defending the Undefendable I and II; he is now working on volume III in this series plus a libertarian analysis of abortion. His main claim to fame is that he once played chess against Friedrich Hayek and on another occasion shook the hand of Ludwig von Mises, and never washed his hand afterward. It is now pretty dirty, but if you shake his hand, you channel this hero of his.

Mr. Libertarian:




Even some critics of libertarianism confer this honorific on me:


Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Autobiography: https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block21.html















www.walterblock.com http://www.walterblock.com (Kins)

Pic: http://business.loyno.edu/faculty/wblockhttp://www.business.loyno.edu/faculty/wblock


c.v.: http://www.cba.loyno.edu/faculty.html








http://mises.org/Controls/Media/MediaPlayer.aspx?Id=4044 bsll

blog posts for the Mises Institute: http://blog.mises.org/author/walter_block/

Mises Daily articles: http://mises.org/articles.aspx?AuthorId=443

scholarly articles and book on the Mises Institute website: http://mises.org/literature.aspx?action=author&ID=443


pic: http://tinyurl.com/23br6j2;






Best regards,



12:55 pm on April 22, 2021

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From: igor

Sent: Monday, December 21, 2020 5:15 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: a request

Dearest Walter,

I am writing a paper on Austro-libertarian theory of welfare trying to make it clear that justice weights infinitely more than efficiency. My aim is to ask a meaningful question of whether justice is positively correlated with efficiency. Some theories make this blunder of conceiving of efficiency only in terms or rights-respecting exchanges.

I vaguely remember that you had some polemic with Mr. Hudik about it, putting it very clearly that justice is a non-tradable good, which I loved!

Do you know of any other such statements? I definitely need some textual support in my paper.

Incidentally, how are things? What are you working on these days?

Hope you are safe and healthy!

Best wishes


Dear Igor:

I am not as familiar with the philosophical literature as I should be. So, I’m taking the liberty of copying on this four friends of mine who are professional philosophers and far more knowledgeable than me on this sort of thing.

Here are my pubs on Hudik; the first may be of help to you, of course not the third:

Block, Walter E. 2017. “Rejoinder to Callahan and Hudik on libertarian principles.” Cosmos and Taxis. Vol 4, No. 1, pp. 35-44; https://cosmosandtaxis.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/block_ct_vol4_iss1.pdf

Block, Walter E. and William Barnett II. 2015. “Rejoinder to Hudik on Transitivity.” Management Education Science Technology Journal; Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 81-86; https://www.facebook.com/www.meste.org;






Block, Walter E. and Igor Wysocki. 2018. “A defense of Rothbard on the demand curve against Hudik’s critique;” pp. 47-61, Summer; Acta Economica et Turistica; https://hrcak.srce.hr/201211https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=296319https://doi.org/10.1515/aet-2018-0004; file:///C:/Users/wblock/Downloads/aet_2018_0004.pdf

I’m not sure that justice weighs infinitely more heavily than efficiency or utilitarianism. What about when the mean nasty all-powerful Martians threaten to blow up our entire planet unless we kill one innocent Earthling person?

I’ve published a bit on that:

Block, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2010, 2011

Block, Walter E. 2001. “Jonah Goldberg and the Libertarian Axiom on Non-Aggression.” June 28; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/orig/block1.html

Block, Walter E. 2002. “Radical Privatization and other Libertarian Conundrums,” The International Journal of Politics and Ethics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 165-175; http://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/radical_privatization.pdf (murder park)

Block, Walter E. 2003. “The Non-Aggression Axiom of Libertarianism,” February 17; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block26.html

(15th floor flagpole)

Block, Walter E. 2004. “Radical Libertarianism: Applying Libertarian Principles to Dealing with the Unjust Government, Part I” Reason Papers, Vol. 27, Fall, pp. 117-133;


Block, Walter E. 2006. “Radical Libertarianism: Applying Libertarian Principles to Dealing with the Unjust Government, Part II” Reason Papers, Vol. 28, Spring, pp. 85-109; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdfhttp://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdfhttp://www.reasonpapers.com/pdf/28/rp_28_7.pdf; (death penalty justified, net taxpayer, ruling class analysis p. 87)

Block, Walter E. 2010. “Response to Jakobsson on human body shields.” Libertarian Papers. http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2010/lp-2-25.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011. “The Human Body Shield,” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 625-630; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_30.pdf

Best regards,



12:53 pm on April 22, 2021

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Defending the Undefendable and the Death Penalty for Murder

From: Alex Popovic

Sent: Monday, December 21, 2020 12:10 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Death Penalty

Dear  Walter Block,

I was watching one of your lectures from MisesU 2016. It was the lecture on your book defending the undefendable. It was a great lecture, I quite enjoyed it and I plan on purchasing your book defending the undefendable 1 and 2, also 3 whenever that releases if it is still coming out. I wanted to ask you for the link to the study you mentioned when you were talking about the death penalty and the correlations between death penalty states vs execution states in terms of the utilitarian discussion on the death penalty.



Dear Alex:

Thanks for your kind words.

Here ’tis:

Becker, 1995; Block, 2003; Ehrlich, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975A, 1975B, 1976A, 1976B, 1977A, 1977B, 1977C, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982;  Ehrlich and Gibbons, 1977; Ehrlich and Posner, 1974; Rothbard, 2010; Whitehead, and Block. 2003;

Becker, Gary S. 1995. “The economics of crime,” Cross Sections, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, vol. 12(Fall), pages 8-15.

Block, Walter E. 2003. “Death Penalty Essential for Social Justice.” Loyola University New Orleans Loyola University New Orleans The Maroon; October 10; http://maroon.loyno.edu/news/2003/10/10/Editorial/Death.Penalty.Essential.To.Social.Justice-525232.shtml

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1972. “The Deterrent Effect of Criminal Law Enforcement,” Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. L (2), June, pp. 259-276.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1973. “Participation in Illegitimate Activities — A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation,” Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 81 (3), May/June, pp. 521-565.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1974. “Participation in Illegitimate Activities — An Economic Analysis,” in The Economics of Crime and Punishment, Becker and Landes, eds., Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 68-134.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1975A. “On the Relation Between Education and Crime,: in Education, Income, and Human Behavior, F.T. Juster, ed., Mcgraw-Hill Co., New York, pp. 313-338.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1975B. “The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment — A Question of Life and Death,” American Economic Review, Vol. 65 (3), June, pp. 397-417

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1976A. “Deterrence: Evidence and Inference,” Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (2), December, pp. 209-227.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1976B. “Rejoinder,” Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (3), January.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1977A. “Fear of Deterrence — A Critical Evaluation of the Report of the Panel on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects,” Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (2), June.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1977B. “Capital Punishment and Deterrence: Some Further Thoughts and Additional Evidence,” Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 85 (4), August, pp. 74l-788

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1977C. “The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: Reply,” American Economic Review, Vol. 67 (3), June, pp. 452-458.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1978. “Deterrence and Economics: A Perspective on Theory and Evidence,” in Major Social Issues: A Multidisciplinary View, Milton Yinger and Stephen Cutler, eds., The Free Press.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1979.  “The Economic Approach to Crime – A Preliminary Assessment,” in Criminology, Review Yearbook Vol. l, Messinger and Bittner, eds., Sage: Beverly Hills.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1981. “On the Usefulness of Controlling Individuals: An Economic Analysis of Rehabilitation, Incapacitation, and Deterrence,” American Economic Review, Vol. 71 (3), June, pp. 307-22.

Ehrlich, Isaac. 1982. “The Market for Offenses and the Public Enforcement of Laws: An Equilibrium Analysis,” British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 21, pp. 107-20.

Ehrlich, Isaac and J.C. Gibbons. 1977.  “On the measurement of the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment and the Theory of Deterrence,” Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (l), January, pp. 35-50.

Ehrlich, Isaac and Richard A. Posner. 1974. “An Economic Analysis of Legal Rulemaking,” Journal of, Legal Studies, Vol. 3 (l), January, pp. 257-80.

Rothbard, Murray N. 2010. “The Libertarian Position on Capital Punishment.” July 13; https://mises.org/library/libertarian-position-capital-punishment

Whitehead, Roy and Walter E. Block. 2003. “Taking the assets of the criminal to compensate victims of violence: a legal and philosophical approach,” Wayne State University Law School Journal of Law in Society Vol. 5, No. 1, Fall, pp.229-254; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block_taking-assets.pdf (death penalty justified)

Best regards,



12:52 pm on April 22, 2021

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Would It Be Economically Feasible for the US to Split Up Into Two Countries?

From: diego

Sent: Friday, December 18, 2020 1:41 AM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Any recommended reading on how US states would survive after secession?

Would you have any recommendations on how US states would survive if they indeed seceded? I realize the possibility is unlikely. Most citizens would want to stay together to receive their Medicare/SS benefits from DC. Nevertheless, I ask for curiosity’s sake.

I was watching a video by Frei and Robert Barnes (constitutional lawyers). When the topic got to states seceding from the DC empire, they said it was impractical. Somehow people who argue this just don’t know how agriculture works, they said. The two lawyers agreed secession is just not practical.  Despite they are scholarly lawyers, something made me suspect they might be very wrong on the economics of US states seceding.

– diego

Dear Diego:

I think secession would be economically viable, more so if there were full free trade between the two countries, Coastal US and Flyover US. There are many instances of this: The 13 Colonies split from the UK. Bangla Desh split off. The UK split off from the EU, with no dire consequences, as widely predicted. Texas left Mexico, ditto.

Best regards,



3:01 am on April 20, 2021

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From: Darren Jimenez

Sent: Thursday, December 17, 2020 3:53 PM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Charity in Austrian Economics

Hello Professor Block,

My name is Darren , I was on the Voluntaryist Haven livestream watching you speak and mentioned something about how to email you to ask about how the Austrians explain charitable giving.

Thank You

Dear Darren:

Here’s a biblio on that subject:

Buchanan, James. 1983. “Rent Seeking, Non compensated Transfers, and Laws of Succession,” Journal of Law and Economics, April: 71-85. Volume 26, Issue 1; http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/467026

(100% tax)

Giving pledge:


feh. These billionaires were, many of them, good at earning money; they produced, in order to do so. But, they are idiots when it comes to charity. Like Bill Gates’ interview in McLeans, on public education

Bennett and DiLorenzo, 1989; Block, 2006, unpublished, forthcoming;  Hughes, 1988, 1989,1990, 1998, unpublished; LaBletta and Block, 1999; Olasky, 1992; Rothbard, 1973;

Bennett, James T. and Thomas DiLorenzo. 1989. Unfair Competition: The Profits of NonProfits.  New York: Hamilton Press.

Block, Walter E. 2006. “Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence Between Walter E. Block and Milton Friedman (on Friedrich Hayek’s Road to Serfdom).” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 20, No. 3, Summer, pp. 61-80; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/20_3/20_3_4.pdfhttps://mises.org/system/tdf/20_3_4.pdf?file=1&type=document

Block, Walter E. 2012. “James Buchanan on Inheritance: a Critique.” Journal of Entrepreneurship & Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 2, http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=2045-2101&show=latest

Block, Walter E. Unpublished. “Toward a libertarian theory of charitable donations.”

Hughes, Mark. 1988. “Review of Walter W. Powell, ed., The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987,” in The Philanthropist, Vol. 7, No. 4, Summer, pp. 61-65

Hughes, Mark. 1989. “Unmasking the Two-Tier Tax-Credit Scheme,” The Philanthropist, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 16-31

Hughes, Mark. 1990. “Counterpoint: A Response to Bennett and DiLorenzo,” The Philanthropist, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall, pp. 43-56.

Hughes, Mark. Unpublished. “The Ties That Bind”

Hughes, Mark.  1998. Review of Walter Powell’s The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook (1987); Austrian Economics Newsletter, p. 8, Fall, Vol.10, #1 http://mises.org/journals/aen/aen10_1_1.pdf

LaBletta, Nicole and Walter E. Block. 1999. “The Restoration of the American Dream: A Case for Abolishing Welfare,” Humanomics, Vol. 15, No 4, pp. 55-65

Olasky, Marvin. 1992. The Tragedy of American Compassion, Chicago: Regnery Gateway.

Rothbard, Murray N. 1973. For a New Liberty, chapter 8: “Welfare and the Welfare State,” Macmillan, New York; http://mises.org/rothbard/newlibertywhole.asp

Rothbard, Murray N. 1973. For a New Liberty, Macmillan, New York; http://mises.org/rothbard/newlibertywhole.asp

Rothbard, Murray N. 1998 [1982]. The Ethics of Liberty, New York: New York University Press. http://www.mises.org/rothbard/ethics/ethics.asp

Best regards,



2:59 am on April 20, 2021

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