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Libertarian Class Analysis; There Are No Positive Obligations for Libertarians

From: Jens S

Sent: Sunday, August 23, 2020 1:01 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: The peaceful bum problem

Hello Walter,

many people (for example Ben Shapiro) claim that it is not acceptable to just do enough to get by. Instead, they claim, you have a duty to go out of your way to benefit the society around you as much as you can.

In a Libertarian society, this would be nonsense, because only the NAP is a firm boundary.

However, many people have “sinned” by cooperating with the Gov., so they better make up for it before the Libertarian Nuremberg Trials start.

Does this make sense or am I off?

Best Regards


Dear Jens:

It is a virtue to benefit others.

I cooperate with the govt. I pay taxes, obey rules of the road, go to govt parks, libraries, museums, I used to work for public universities.

I think being a member of the ruling class is the crucial variable.

Block, 2006; Burris, 2012; Codevilla, 2010; Domhoff, 1967, 1971, 1998; Donaldson and Poynting, 2007; Hoppe, 1990; Hughes, 1977; Kolko, 1963; Mises, 1978; Oppenheimer, 1975; Raico, 1977; Rockwell, 2001; Rothbard, 2004. In the view of Rothbard, 2004: “All States are governed by a ruling class that is a minority of the population, and which subsists as a parasitic and exploitative burden upon the rest of society. Since its rule is exploitative and parasitic, the State must purchase the alliance of a group of “Court Intellectuals,” whose task is to bamboozle the public into accepting and celebrating the rule of its particular State. The Court Intellectuals have their work cut out for them. In exchange for their continuing work of apologetics and bamboozlement, the Court Intellectuals win their place as junior partners in the power, prestige, and loot extracted by the State apparatus from the deluded public. The noble task of Revisionism is to de-bamboozle: to penetrate the fog of lies and deception of the State and its Court Intellectuals, and to present to the public the true history of the motivation, the nature, and the consequences of State activity. By working past the fog of State deception to penetrate to the truth, to the reality behind the false appearances, the Revisionist works to delegitimize, to desanctify, the State in the eyes of the previously deceived public.”

Block, Walter E. 2006. “Radical Libertarianism: Applying Libertarian Principles to Dealing with the Unjust Government, Part II” Reason Papers, Vol. 28, Spring, pp.  85-109; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdfhttp://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdf; (death penalty justified, net taxpayer, ruling class analysis p. 87)

Burris, Charles A. 2012. “Who Rules America: Power Elite Analysis and American History.” January 18; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/burris/burris21.1.html

Codevilla, Angelo M. 2010. The Ruling Class: How They Corrupted America and What We Can Do About It. Beaufort Books. https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0825305586/?tag=waiscr08-20

Domhoff, G. William. 1967. Who Rules America? Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Domhoff, G. William. 1971. The Higher Circles: The Governing Class in America. New York: Vintage Books

Domhoff, G. William. 1998. Who Rules America? Power and Politics in the Year 2000, Third Edition, Santa Cruz: University of California

Donaldson, Mike and Scott Poynting. 2007. Ruling Class Men: Money, Sex, Power. Peter Lang.


Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 1990. “Marxist and Austrian Class Analysis,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall, pp. 79-94; http://mises.org/journals/jls/9_2/9_2_5.pdf,%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=us

Hughes, Jonathan R.T. 1977. The Governmental Habit: Economic Controls from Colonial Times to the Present.  New York: Basic Books,

Kolko, Gabriel. 1963. Triumph of Conservatism, Chicago: Quadrangle Books

Mises, Ludwig von. 1978. The Clash of Group Interests and Other Essays. New York: Center for Libertarian Studies. http://www.mises.org/etexts/mises/clash/clash.asp

Oppenheimer, Franz. [1914] 1975.  The State, New York: Free Life Editions

Raico, Ralph. 1977. “Classical Liberal exploitation theory: a comment on Professor Liggio’s paper,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 1, No. 3, Summer, pp. 179-184; http://mises.org/daily/4567/http://mises.org/document/1641/Classical-Liberal-Exploitation-Theory-A-Comment-on-Professor-Liggios-Paper

Rockwell, Jr. Llewellyn H. 2001. “Liberty and the Common Good” December 31;


Rothbard, Murray N. 2004. “The Case for Revisionism (and Against A Priori History)”; http://mises.org/library/case-revisionism-and-against-priori-history

Rothbard, Murray N. 1977. “The Treaty That Wall Street Wrote.” Inquiry, vol. 1, no. 2, December 5: pp. 9–14; https://www.lewrockwell.com/1970/01/murray-n-rothbard/the-treaty-that-wall-street-wrote/

Class analysis:

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 1990. “Marxist and Austrian Class Analysis,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall, pp. 79-94; http://mises.org/journals/jls/9_2/9_2_5.pdf,%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=us

Block, Walter E. 2006. “Radical Libertarianism: Applying Libertarian Principles to Dealing with the Unjust Government, Part II” Reason Papers, Vol. 28, Spring, pp.  85-109; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdfhttp://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/block_radical-libertarianism-rp.pdf; (death penalty justified, net taxpayer, ruling class analysis p. 87)

Burris, Charles A. 2012. “Who Rules America: Power Elite Analysis and American History.” January 18; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/burris/burris21.1.html

Libertarian Class Analysis (also called Power Elite Analysis or Establishment Studies) is a theme I have repeatedly stressed in my articles at LRC. Knowledge is power. Empower yourself by learning about Libertarian Class Analysis and how it impacts specifically upon the welfare-warfare state and the parasitical elites which benefit from this leviathan within our midst. Here are several items with which the discerning LRC reader may begin:

“Libertarian Class Analysis,” by Sheldon Richman

“Our Establishment Church,” by Charles A. Burris

“Hidden History: Where Organized Crime and Government Meet,” by Charles A. Burris

“Wall Street, Banks, and American Foreign Policy,” by Murray N. Rothbard

“The Anatomy of the State,” by Murray N. Rothbard

“Origins of the Federal Reserve,” by Murray N. Rothbard

“Our Interests and Their Interests,” by Murray N. Rothbard

“The Clash of Group Interests,” by Ludwig von Mises

“Toward a Theory of State Capitalism: Ultimate Decision Making and Class Structure,” by Walter E. Grinder and John Hagel III

“Classical Liberal Roots of Marxist Class Analysis,” by Ralph Raico (audio lecture)

“Marxist and Austrian Class Analysis,” by Hans-Herman Hoppe (audio lecture)

“America’s Ruling Class — And the Perils of Revolution,” by Angelo M. Codevilla

“A Glimpse Behind the Curtain,” by Charles A. Burris

Libertarian Class Analysis — an Amazon.com book list

The Elite Is Neat, The Masses are Asses — an Amazon.com book list

Power Brokers, Fixers, and Elite Insiders — an Amazon.com book list

Establishment Studies — an Amazon.com book list

I’ve written a bit about the Libt Nuremberg Trials:

Alston, Wilton D. and Walter E. Block. 2007. “Reparations, Once Again.” Human Rights Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, September, pp. 379-392; http://tinyurl.com/2b75fl

Block, Walter E. 2001. “The Moral Dimensions of Poverty, Entitlements and Theft,” The Journal of Markets and Morality, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 83-93; http://www.acton.org/publicat/m_and_m/2001_spring/block.html; Search for “Walter Block” under “Authors” here: http://www.marketsandmorality.com/index.php/mandm/search

Block, Walter E. 2002. “On Reparations to Blacks for Slavery,” Human Rights Review, Vol. 3, No. 4, July-September, pp. 53-73;


(David Horowitz, Randall Robinson)

Block, Walter E. 2003.  “Libertarianism vs. Objectivism; A Response to Peter Schwartz,” Reason Papers, Vol. 26, Summer, pp. 39-62; http://www.reasonpapers.com/pdf/26/rp_26_4.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2004. “Radical Libertarianism: Applying Libertarian Principles to Dealing with the Unjust Government, Part I” Reason Papers, Vol. 27, Fall, pp. 117-133;


Block, Walter E. 2007. “Ron Paul and Matching Funds,” October 1;


Block, Walter E. 2008. Privatize The Highways. Auburn, AL: The Mises Institute

Block, Walter E. 2009. “Toward a Libertarian Theory of Guilt and Punishment for the Crime of Statism” in Hulsmann, Jorg Guido and Stephan Kinsella, eds., Property, Freedom and Society: Essays in Honor of Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, pp. 137-148; http://mises.org/books/hulsmann-kinsella_property-freedom-society-2009.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2009. “Libertarian punishment theory: working for, and donating to, the state” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 1; http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2009/lp-1-17.pdfhttp://libertarianpapers.org/2009/17-libertarian-punishment-theory-working-for-and-donating-to-the-state/#comments (Concentration camp guard)

Block, Walter E. 2010. “In Defense of Counterfeiting Illegitimate Money: Rejoinder to Murphy and Machaj,” American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 69, No. 2, 867-880, April; http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/123327372/abstract

Block, Walter E. 2011. “Hoppe, Kinsella and Rothbard II on Immigration: A Critique.” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 593–623; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_29.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011. “Rejoinder to Kinsella and Tinsley on Incitement, Causation, Aggression and Praxeology” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 641–664; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_32.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2015. “On slavery and libertarianism.” Journal of Economic and Social Thought. Vol. 2, Issue 3, September, pp. 161-174; www.kspjournals.org


Block, Walter E. 2010. “Are unions criminal gangs?” Global Virtue Ethics Review, Vol. 6. No. 1, pp. 28-49; http://www.spaef.com/article.php?id=1176http://www.spaef.com/file.php?id=1176http://www.academia.edu/1497243/Are_Unions_Criminal_Gangs

Block, Walter E. 2009. “Libertarian punishment theory: working for, and donating to, the state” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 1; http://libertarianpapers.org/2009/17-libertarian-punishment-theory-working-for-and-donating-to-the-state/

Block, Walter E. 2008. “Homesteading, ad coelum, owning views and forestalling.” The Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 96-103; http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1890872

Block, Walter E. Unpublished C. “Praxeological Insights, or Artificially Impregnable Theories?”

Block, Walter E. and J.H. Huebert. 2008-2009. “Defending Corporations” Cumberland Law Review, Vol. 39(2), pp. 363-385; http://iris.cba.loyno.edu/exchange/walterblock/Inbox/Re:%20can%27t%20access%20pub.EML/1_multipart_xF8FF_2_2008-2009_Defending%20Corporations.pdf/C58EA28C-18C0-4a97-9AF2-036E93DDAFB3/2008-2009_Defending%20Corporations.pdf?attach=1

Block, Walter E. and Gene Callahan. 2003. “Is There A Right to Immigration? A Libertarian Perspective,” Human Rights Review, Vol. 5, No. 1, October-December, pp. 46-71;


Whitehead, Roy, Catherine Gould and Walter E. Block. 2004. “The value of private water rights: from a legal and economic perspective,” Albany Law Environmental Outlook Journal. Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 315-343; http://tinyurl.com/36p9hehttp://


6:18 am on October 19, 2020

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Homesteading Pure Nature Preserves

From: Madlovics Bálint

Sent: Friday, August 07, 2020 4:59 AM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Question about environmentalism and homesteading

Dear Walter,

I hope all’s well with you.

I and a group of libertarian friends here in Hungary were talking about homesteading, and a puzzle came up which we couldn’t solve. Homesteading theory says we need to “mix our labor” with the unowned thing to homestead it. But what if I want to have something precisely to protect it from intervention? Consider a rainforest. Let’s say I’m a free-market environmentalist and I want to own the rainforest so I can preserve it in its natural, unmolested form, free from any intervention. I can certainly do this by trade: if someone already owns the rainforest, I can buy it from them, and then leave it on its own. But can I do this by homesteading? Can I claim ownership of an unowned rainforest without molesting it, or I must give up my environmentalist ideals and interfere with the rainforest’s natural state in order to homestead it? (The rainforest is one example; maybe there is some unowned land I want to own to keep people from messing with its natural beauty.)

Best wishes,


Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Dear Balint:

Happily, I have written about this:

Block, Walter E. and Michael R. Edelstein. 2012. “Popsicle sticks and homesteading land for nature preserves.” Romanian Economic and Business Review. Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring, pp. 7-13;


Best regards,



6:16 am on October 19, 2020

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The Libertarian Case for Biden as President

From: Corey J. Jones

Sent: Thursday, August 06, 2020 3:09 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Question

Good afternoon Walter,

I hope you’re doing well.

Question – do you believe there is any libertarian case for Joe Biden for President? Have you done any writing on this, or the upcoming election in general. Curious about your thoughts on Biden vs. Trump from a libertarian perspective (excluding Jorgensen in this scenario).

Corey J. Jones

From: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Sent: Thursday, August 06, 2020 3:35 PM

To: ‘Corey J. Jones’ <cjjones@the-heritage-bank.com>

Subject: RE: Question

Dear Corey:

I was about to say, I don’t believe there is any libertarian case for Joe Biden for President. But then, I reconsidered. There is. It would more highly motivate his opponents, us.

Best regards,



3:25 pm on October 18, 2020

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From: Craig Duddy <craigduddy2020@gmail.com>

Sent: Monday, August 24, 2020 9:27 PM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Sign-Value application in subjective value theory

Dear Dr. Walter Block,

I am a 15 year old student at Calderglen High School currently residing within East Kilbride, Scotland. Over the past few months I have had a fantastic opportunity in the form of the ‘quarantine’ to read an immense amount of literature generally surrounding the areas of economics and philosophy, I have recently been reading works of more generally regarded in the area of ‘post-modern’ philosophers such as Deleuze and Baudrillard.

I have specifically been reading into Baudrillard’s conception of ‘sign-value’ and it has caused me a great deal of thought specifically on it’s implications upon the ‘Austrian’ conception of value, I had thought for a while that while Baudrillard presented this concept of sign-value more as an aspect of our current society and its tendencies to consumerism to critique the use and validity of the law of value, it also could be used as a critique of the ‘Austrian’ conception of value.

This led me to believe that in our current formulation of the political and economic system, the law of value in the way presented by Marx almost definitely could not be correct, but that also a full out explanation of value from a position of purely subjective evaluation, as is generally presented by ‘Austrians’ such as myself, could also not be correct.

I have been led to believe however that my conception of Baudrillard solidifying a solid justification of what I described to be a ‘quasi-subjective’ theory of value was actually wrong, and rather these ‘signs and symbols’ that establish further value when attached to a commodity can actually just be represented in the formulation of what I believe was tilted by Rothbard as ‘psychic-value.’

I believe the thing that is causing trouble in my understanding of this formulation of value rests within the influence that society places upon an individual to solidify the value within these signs, almost like society does with the value of money.

I am not entirely sure how close to your general field of work this comes but I am very curious to hear your thoughts on this as you are one of my biggest inspirations and helped guide me further into a more logically sound understanding of libertarianism.

My main question here is if we can consider Baudrillard’s conception of sign-value within our society to be just another form of subjective evaluation, or if we can consider it strong enough evidence that the influence of the external environment affects the evaluation of the individual so much so that it can no longer rationally be considered a product of the individuals judgment itself.

Thank you very much for your time if you do read this,

Craig Duddy.

From: Walter Block

Sent: 26 August 2020 01:05

To: Craig Duddy

Subject: RE: Sign-Value application in subjective value theory

Dear Craig:

I’ll substantively respond to your fascinating letter on one condition: you have to promise to fully consider enrolling at Loyola U when the time comes. Deal? See below for the case in favor of Loyola.

Best regards,


From: Craig Duddy <craigduddy2020@gmail.com>

Sent: Wednesday, August 26, 2020 12:31 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: RE: Sign-Value application in subjective value theory

Dear Dr. Walter Block,

Thank you for taking time out of your day to respond to me, it is very highly appreciated.

I will absolutely fully consider enrolling to Loyola U, I had great hope it would be possible to study somewhere overseas previously and it would be an honour to work under someone such as yourself, you have my full guarantee I will fully consider it.

Dear Craig:

Here’s my substantive response.

Sorry, I know nothing of “Baudrillard’s conception of ‘sign-value’” So, I looked it up here: https://www.google.com/search?q=Baudrillard%E2%80%99s+conception+of+%E2%80%98sign-value%E2%80%99&rlz=1C1CHBD_enUS790US790&oq=Baudrillard%E2%80%99s+conception+of+%E2%80%98sign-value%E2%80%99+&aqs=chrome..69i57j33l4.1977j0j15&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

What I get out of this from a very brief reading is that for some people prestige is a motivation of theirs in their choice of purchases. That seems correct to me, but, hardly earth-shattering.

Yes, “we can consider Baudrillard’s conception of sign-value within our society to be just another form of subjective evaluation”

No “we can’t consider it strong enough evidence that the influence of the external environment affects the evaluation of the individual so much so that it can no longer rationally be considered a product of the individuals judgment itself.” I think this second claim is nonsense

Best regards,


Dear Craig:

Might you be interested in enrolling at Loyola and studying with me and my free enterprise-oriented colleagues? If so, take a peek at this material:


Loyola has a high tuition; this cannot be denied. However, this Jesuit University does award scholarships, not only on a need basis. As well there is the Walter Block Scholarship, which is additional to the funds offered by Loyola: http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2018/12/introducing-walter-e-block-scholarship.html

Further info on the WB scholarship:

Block, Walter E.  2019. “Prospective libertarian students should consider the Walter Block scholarship.” February 3;



The Walter Block Scholarship

I have been a professor of economics at Loyola since 2001. During that time, I have had numerous excellent students, who were interested in my research projects: Austrian economics and libertarian theory. I have been lucky that many of these students, while still in high school, read my publications and listened to my speeches, some in person for example at the Mises University, and others on the web. As a result, they enrolled at Loyola in order to study with me, and my half dozen fellow free enterprise professors. This might not sound like all that much, given that we have some 200 professors, but, believe me, Loyola New Orleans is a beacon of light as far as Rothbardianism and Misesianism are concerned. At next door Tulane University, with a faculty at least triple our size, there are only two professors who fit this bill. And at LSU in Baton Rouge, quadruple our size, there is not a single solitary professor who espouses such a political economic philosophy. Yes, we have numerous social justice warriors, Marxists, feminists, professors, as do virtually all universities. But, at least at Loyola, a student will be introduced to both sides of debatable issues, unlike at most universities. As well, with so many professors who appreciate economic freedom, there are many students who also do. According to research I have seen, one of the best predictors of student satisfaction is finding friends among the student body.  You will, here at Loyola.

So, if you are a student at a junior or two year university, which has no libertarian professors, and no students of this persuasion either, think of transferring to Loyola. If you are a high school student, getting ready to apply to university, consider us. If you are a parent or grandparent of a college age person, do consider suggesting that they apply for admission to Loyola, in order to study with me and my free enterprise fellow colleagues.

Just recently, a former student of mine has set up a Walter E. Block scholarship. It is worth $25,000, for the next four years, for a total of $100,000. I am now able to disburse these funds to Loyola students who demonstrate an interest in private property, free markets and limited government. Make no mistake about this, Loyola’s tuition is very high. However, my school does give generous scholarships, based on financial need, and also for other reasons. My scholarship money will be in addition to those funds, not a replacement for them. So, apply to Loyola, even if you thought our price tag was too high. With this scholarship money at my disposal, we can be financially competitive even with public universities.

This award is for students who are interested in studying the economics of free enterprise, who are supporters of the philosophy of private property rights, limited government, deregulation, free trade. Please provide me with evidence of your interest in this libertarian free market philosophy. Books you have read on this subject? Book reports on them? Term papers on this subject? Leaders of this philosophy by whom you have been influenced? As an application, please write me a letter along these lines. You can reach me at wblock@loyno.edu

Block, Walter E.  2019. “Attention High School Students.” February 6;


Block, Walter E. 2017. “C’mon Down To New Orleans; The Water’s Fine. Enroll at Loyola University.” June 27;


Loyola Economics Students Published Widely in Refereed Journals; http://www.loyno.edu/news/story/2017/7/17/3962


Block, Walter E.  2017. “The Best Place to Study Undergraduate Economics.” June 30; http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2017/06/the-best-place-to-study-undergraduate.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+economicpolicyjournal%2FKpwH+%28EconomicPolicyJournal.com%29

Wenzel, Robert. 2017. Interview with Walter E. Block. “The Inside Scoop on Studying Economics at Loyola University-New Orleans” September 3;



Block, Walter E. 2008. “Attention Students: Should You Get Your Ph.D. and Become a Professor?” June 28; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block104.html (debate with Gary North) https://www.lewrockwell.com/lrc-blog/young-person-saved-from-academia/;


Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (I’m #8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Block, Walter E. 2018. “Scholarship Opportunity: Spring 2019 New Business Students!” December 15; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/12/walter-e-block/scholarship-opportunity-spring-2019-new-business-students/

Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “An Opportunity to Study Under a Libertarian Great.” December 11;


Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “Introducing the Walter E. Block Scholarship.” December 11; http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2018/12/introducing-walter-e-block-scholarship.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+economicpolicyjournal%2FKpwH+%28EconomicPolicyJournal.com%29

Our economics department: http://www.business.loyno.edu/bios/faculty?field_bio_program_filter_value=Economics

Walter E. Block is Harold E. Wirth Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business, Loyola University New Orleans, and senior fellow at the Mises Institute. He earned his PhD in economics at Columbia University in 1972. He has taught at Rutgers, SUNY Stony Brook, Baruch CUNY, Holy Cross and the University of Central Arkansas. He is the author of more than 600 refereed articles in professional journals, two dozen books, and thousands of op eds (including the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and numerous others). He lectures widely on college campuses, delivers seminars around the world and appears regularly on television and radio shows.  He is the Schlarbaum Laureate, Mises Institute, 2011; and has won the Loyola University Research Award (2005, 2008) and the Mises Institute’s Rothbard Medal of Freedom, 2005; and the Dux Academicus award, Loyola University, 2007. Prof. Block counts among his friends Ron Paul and Murray Rothbard. He was converted to libertarianism by Ayn Rand. Block is old enough to have played chess with Friedrich Hayek and once met Ludwig von Mises, and shaken his hand. Block has never washed that hand since.  So, if you shake his hand (it’s pretty dirty, but what the heck) you channel Mises.

Walter E. Block received his Ph.D. in economics from Columbia University (1972). He has worked at Canada’s Fraser Institute and taught at Rutgers University, Baruch College, The State University of New York at Stony Brook, Holy Cross College, and University of Central Arkansas. He is Senior Fellow of the Mises Institute, recipient of the Institute’s 2005 Murray N. Rothbard Medal of Freedom and the 2011 Gary G. Schlarbaum Prize for Lifetime Achievement in the Cause of Liberty, and holds the Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair at Loyola University New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70118 wblock@loyno.edu. Loyola has among the highest proportion of free-market advocates of any economics department in the country (100%). Block is the author of Defending the Undefendable (I and II) and two dozen other books on economics, as well as over 600 journal articles. His latest few books are: Property Rights: The Argument for Privatization (2019); Philosophy of Law: The Supreme Court’s Non- Use of Libertarian Law (2019); Space capitalism: the case for privatizing space travel and colonization (2018); An Austro-Libertarian Critique of Public Choice (2017); Essays in Austrian Economics (2017). But he states that his greatest claim to fame is that he was a friend of Murray Rothbard’s for almost 30 years. He also brags that he shook the hand of Ludwig von Mises.

Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers; I’m in the middle, to the right of Hermann Hesse, and below Bruce Lee

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Dr. Walter Block has been in the forefront of the libertarian movement for over 50 years. Lew Rockwell has transferred the title of “Mr. Libertarian” from Murray Rothbard to Walter: https://www.lewrockwell.com/2010/11/lew-rockwell/the-astounding-walter-block/. Professor Block has done 100s of youtube lectures and interviews. He is responsible for a dozen professors now spreading The Gospel According to St. Murray. He has published over 600 articles in refereed journals and law reviews, almost 30 books (including the ever-popular Defending the Undefendable), and literally 1000s of op-eds in newspapers and blogs, including the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. Here is what Hayek had to say about Block’s book DTU: “Looking through Defending the Undefendable made me feel that I was once more exposed to the shock therapy by which, more than fifty years ago, the late Ludwig von Mises converted me to a consistent free market position. Even now I am occasionally at first incredulous and feel that ‘this is going too far,’ but usually find in the end that you are right. Some may find it too strong a medicine, but it will still do them good even if they hate it. A real understanding of economics demands that one disabuses oneself of many dear prejudices and illusions. Popular fallacies in economics frequently express themselves in unfounded prejudices against other occupations, and in showing the falsity of these stereotypes you are doing a real service, although you will not make yourself more popular with the majority”

Block is a leading Austrian School economist and an international leader of the freedom movement. His earliest work Defending the Undefendable (first edition Fleet 1976, latest edition Mises 2008, translated in 12 languages) is now, more than 30 years later, still regarded as a classic of libertarianism. This collection of essays, which argues in behalf of societal villains as economic scapegoats based on the principles of nonaggression, forces its reader to think and to rethink his initial knee-jerk emotional responses, and to gain a new and far sounder appreciation of economic theory and of the virtues and operations of the free market economy. Block’s writing was inspired by Henry Hazlitt, the author of the most widely read economics text Economics in One Lesson. Block’s latest book is: Yes to Ron Paul and Liberty.

Block has been a fixture in the libertarian movement for some four Decades. He actually met Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek, and was friends with, and mentored by, Murray Rothbard.  His contributions to academic libertarianism and to Austrian economics have been prodigious. Block’s writings continue to challenge the conventional wisdom (or ignorance) of how economics works and will retain its freshness for decades to come.  His public speaking style has been described as a combination of that of Woody Allen, Lenny Bruce and Murray Rothbard

Dr. Block has written over 600 articles for peer reviewed refereed journals, some two dozen books, and literally thousands of op eds for magazines and newspapers. Block appears widely on radio and television. He is a contributor to such scholarly journals as The Review of Austrian Economics, Journal of Libertarian Studies, The Journal of Labor Economics, and the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. He is currently Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business Administration, at Loyola University New Orleans.

Walter E. Block is the Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics at Loyola University New Orleans. His Ph.D. was from Columbia University. His interests include Austrian economics and libertarian theory. He has published almost 600 articles in refereed journals, 27 books, and thousands of op eds.He lectures globally at university campuses, business and civic groups. He has a series on privatization (roads, oceans and space); his most popular books are Defending the Undefendable I and II; he is now working on volume III in this series plus a libertarian analysis of abortion. His main claim to fame is that he once played chess against Friedrich Hayek and on another occasion shook the hand of Ludwig von Mises, and never washed his hand afterward. It is now pretty dirty, but if you shake his hand, you channel this hero of his.

Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)


https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)


Autobiography: https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block21.html















www.walterblock.com http://www.walterblock.com (Kins)

Pic: http://business.loyno.edu/faculty/wblockhttp://www.business.loyno.edu/faculty/wblock


c.v.: http://www.cba.loyno.edu/faculty.html








http://mises.org/Controls/Media/MediaPlayer.aspx?Id=4044 bsll

blog posts for the Mises Institute: http://blog.mises.org/author/walter_block/

Mises Daily articles: http://mises.org/articles.aspx?AuthorId=443

scholarly articles and book on the Mises Institute website: http://mises.org/literature.aspx?action=author&ID=443


pic: http://tinyurl.com/23br6j2;







3:50 am on October 11, 2020

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On Education, Immigration, Normative, Positive

Letter 1

From: jonnyl21

Sent: Wednesday, August 05, 2020 3:44 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Contradiction in Compulsory Public Education

Walter, I am re-reading Murray’s For A New Liberty.  I am on the chapter on Education.

It got me thinking that the State compulsorily educates citizens for a legal minimum of 10 years (more in some states).  And then the State regulates nearly every facet of life.  Which means that the State must consider State-educated citizens to be pretty ignorant.  Funny, huh?

In fact, the State is even skeptical that a State-educated parent is qualified to home school his child.


On Wed, Aug 5, 2020 at 4:45 PM Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu> wrote:

Dear Jonathan:

Well said.

Best regards,


From: jonnyl21

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Re: Contradiction in Compulsory Public Education


I know that you and Hans hew to different approaches regarding immigration.  Hans writes that the State has no business in setting immigration policy (or doing anything else), but that if the State has such a policy, then such a policy should be structured in order to best represent the interest of the taxpayers.

Imagine a State-based police officer observed a violent crime being committed.  What does libertarian theory say about the legitimacy of the officer intervening?  Is such an action condemned, because the State ought not to do anything?  Is it compelled, because the officer is paid to protect taxpayers, a group which presumably includes the victim in question?  Is it recommended, because anyone is justified in opposing initiatory violence, and the officer would do so in this case?

My question is not so much the ethical question of whether the individual officer should intervene.  Rather, the question is whether it is legitimate to do so.


Dear Jonathan:

But “should” and “legit to do so” are synonyms, in my view.

As I see matters, when a govt cop stops a murder, rape, theft, we libertarians can applaud his action but criticize the financing of his salary. I wouldn’t condemn his action, just the source of his salary.

Best regards,



3:46 am on October 11, 2020

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This one is lots shorter, but very poignant.

From: David MacRae <david.macrae@gmail.com>

Sent: Wednesday, August 05, 2020 5:50 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Re: Voluntary slavery once again

Well if you feel you have to go, then I cannot stop you. I just want to say two things  before you leave.

First of all.

I believe that you are the greatest living thinker in the cause of liberty I truly admire you, not just for your pure devotion to liberty but also for the way you have stepped up to the PC mob.

Secondly, if you truly want to stop this discussion, then I would ask you to point me to someone (or some group) who would like to continue it. I have been alone for so long and I am tired.

Dear David:

Thanks for your kind words. I’m gonna blog this on LRC. Perhaps several readers will take you up on your request.

I’ve been very lucky. I’ve never been alone in my quest for liberty. I highly recommend you get in touch the Mises Institute, read their material, attend their lectures, contribute money to them; even a small amount will do, if that’s all you can afford.

I get about 200 e mails every day. If I’m going to keep up with my writing and speaking commitments, I’ve got to cut down somehow. I answer all polite letters. And, sometimes, as in your case, do so for several iterations. But, sorry, I’ve got to call a halt to this one.

Best regards,



3:44 am on October 11, 2020

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There are several issues upon which we libertarians are divided. One of them, surely, concerns open immigration. I take this opportunity to offer the readers of LRC a bibliography depicting both sides of this controversy. They don’t call me Walter Moderate Block for nothing. Happy reading.

Walter E. Block, Ph.D.

On the open borders side see Berg, 2010; Block, 1983A, 1983B, 1988, 1990, 1998, 2004, 2011A, 2011B, 2013, 2015, 2016A, 2016B, 2017, 2018; Block and Callahan, 2003; Ebeling, 2015A, 2015B; Esplugas and Lora, 2010; Friedman, 1973, 2006; Gregory and Block, 2007; Hornberger, 2016A, 2016B; Hudson, 1986; Krepelka, 2010; Rothbard, 1962; Rozeff, 2005; Salin, 2000, chap. 11; Todea, 2010

Berg, Chris. 2010. “Open the borders.” Policy. Vol. 26,  No. 1, Autumn, pp. 3-7


Block, Walter E. 1983A. “How immigrants CREATE jobs,” North Shore News, p. A6, January 30; http://tinyurl.com/2xklvn

Block, Walter E. 1983B. “Protect Canadian Jobs From Immigrants?” Dollars and Sense. January 2.

Block, Walter E. 1988. Dollars and Sense: “Migration patterns tell real story.” January 12.

Block, Walter E. 1990.  “Immigration,” Fraser Forum, January, pp. 22-23.

Block, Walter E. 1998. “A Libertarian Case for Free Immigration,” Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, Vol. 13, No. 2, summer, pp. 167-186; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_4.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2004. “The State Was a Mistake.” Book review of Hoppe, Han-Hermann, Democracy, The God that Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy and Natural Order, 2001 May 25. http://www.mises.org/fullstory.asp?control=1522

Block, Walter E. 2011A. “Hoppe, Kinsella and Rothbard II on Immigration: A Critique.” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 593–623; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_29.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011B. “Rejoinder to Hoppe on Immigration,” Journal of Libertarian Studies Vol. 22: pp. 771–792; https://www.mises.org/library/rejoinder-hoppe-immigrationhttp://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_38.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2013. “Rejoinder to Todea on the ‘Open’ Contract of Immigration.” The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies, Vol. 8, No. 5, March, pp. 52-55

Block, Walter E. 2015. “On immigration.” December 21;


Block, Walter E. 2016A. “Contra Hoppe and Brat on immigration.” Management Education Science Technology journal, Vol 4, No. 1, pp. 1-10; http://mest.meste.org/MEST_1_2016/Sadrzaj_eng.htmlhttp://mest.meste.org/MEST_1_2016/7_01.pdf; (1333)

Block, Walter E. 2016B. “A response to the libertarian critics of open-borders libertarianism,” Lincoln Memorial University Law Review; Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 142-165; +http://digitalcommons.lmunet.edu/lmulrev/vol4/iss1/6/;


Block, Walter E. 2017. “Immigration and Homesteading.” March. The Journal Jurisprudence. Vol. 35, pp. 9-42; http://www.jurisprudence.com.au/juris35/block.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2018. “A libertarian theory of immigration.” The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies. March, Issue18, pp.34-42




Block, Walter and Gene Callahan. 2003. “Is There a Right to Immigration? A Libertarian Perspective,” Human Rights Review. Vol. 5, No. 1, October-December, pp. 46-71; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block-callahan_right-immigrate-2003.pdfhttp://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=13&hid=116&sid=905a5e5a-2bf8-4aac-bec0-e39eeb9a3b10%40sessionmgr105

Ebeling, Richard. 2015A. “Freedom To Move: Personal Liberty or Government Control, Part I.” July 20; http://www.epictimes.com/richardebeling/2015/07/freedom-to-move-personal-liberty-or-government-control-part-i/

Ebeling, Richard. 2015B. “Practicing Freedom: Markets, Marriage, and Migration.” August 3;


Esplugas, Albert and Manuel Lora. 2010. “Immigrants: Intruders or Guests? A reply to Hoppe and Kinsella” Journal of LibertarianSstudies, Vol. 22: 185–218; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_10.pdf

Friedman, David D. [1973] 1995. “Open the Gates.” The Machinery of Freedom: A Guide to Radical Capitalism. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court.

Friedman, David. 2006. “Welfare and Immigration—The Other Half of the Argument,” Ideas, April 1; http://www.daviddfriedman.com/Libertarian/Welfare_and_Immigration.html

Gregory, Anthony and Walter E. Block. 2007. “On Immigration: Reply to Hoppe.” Journal of Libertarian Studies, vol. 21, No. 3, Fall, pp. 25-42; http://mises.org/journals/jls/21_3/21_3_2.pdfhttp://www.academia.edu/1360109/On_Immigration_Reply_to_Hoppe

Hornberger, Jacob G. 2016. “Open Borders Is the Only Libertarian Immigration Position.” May 19; http://fff.org/2016/05/19/open-borders-libertarian-position-immigration/

Hornberger, Jacob G. http://fff.org/explore-freedom/articles/category/immigration/

Hornberger, Jacob G. http://fff.org/store/the-case-for-free-trade-and-open-immigration-paperback/

Hornberger, Jacob G. 2016. “Bionic Mosquito Has It Wrong on Immigration.” May 25; http://fff.org/explore-freedom/article/bionic-mosquito-wrong-immigration/

Hudson, James L. 1986. “The Philosophy of Immigration.” Journal of Libertarian Studies Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 51–62; http://mises.org/journals/jls/8_1/8_1_5.pdf

Krepelka, Jan. 2010. “A pure libertarian theory of immigration.” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol.  22: pp. 35-52 http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_3.pdf

Rothbard, Murray N. (2004 [1962]). Man, Economy and State, Auburn AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, Scholar’s Edition; http://www.mises.org/rothbard/mes.asp;

http://www.mises.org/rothbard/mes/chap15d.asp mesmes

Rozeff, Michael. 2005. “Communities, Immigration, and Decentralization.” December 14.


Salin, Pascal. 2000. “L’immigration dans une société libre” [Immigration In A Free Society]. Libéralisme. Paris: Odile Jacob.

Todea, Diana V. 2010. “A libertarian account of freedom of movement and open borders,” 2(2), The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies, Argonaut Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

For the anti open immigration side, see:

Brimelow, 1995; Hoppe, 1998, 2001, 2002;  Hospers, 1998; Kinsella, 2005; Machan, 1998;  Mosquito, 2016A, 2016B, 2016C, 2016D, 2016E, 2016F, 2016G, 2016H, 2016I, 2017A, 2017B; Rockwell, 2016; Rothbard, 1994; Simon, 1998; de Soto, 1998

Brimelow, Peter. 1995. Alien Nation: Common Sense about America’s Immigration Disaster. New York: Random House

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 1998. “The Case for Free Trade and Restricted Immigration,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2, Summer, pp. 221-233; http://mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_8.pdf

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2001. Democracy, the God that Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy and Natural Order, New Brunswick, N.J. Transaction Publishers. 159-160

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2002. “Natural order, the state, and the immigration problem.” Volume 16, no. 1, Winter, pp. 75–97; http://mises.org/journals/jls/16_1/16_1_5.pdf

Hospers, John. 1998. “A Libertarian Argument Against Open Borders.” Journal

of Libertarian Studies 13 (2); http://mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_3.pdf

Kinsella, Stephan. 2005. “A Simple Libertarian Argument Against Unrestricted Immigration and Open Borders.” September 1; https://www.lewrockwell.com/kinsella/kinsella18.html

Machan, Tibor. 1998.  “Immigration into a free society.” Journal of Libertarian Studies; 13:2, Summer: 199–204; http://mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_6.pdf

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016A.  “The Real Action is in the Reaction of the Opposition.” January 11; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/01/bionic-mosquito/open-borders-saul-alinsky/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016B.  “Borders, Culture, and Decentralization.” April 9; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/04/bionic-mosquito/open-borders-anti-libertarian/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016C.  “Open Borders in THIS World.” April 15; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/04/bionic-mosquito/open-borders-world/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016D.  “Open Borders and Culture: a Reading List; April 19; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/04/bionic-mosquito/open-borders-culture/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016E.  “Libertarian Open Borders: Oxymoron in Theory and Practice.” May 16; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/05/bionic-mosquito/libertarian-open-borders/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016F. “Jacob Hornberger, I See You.” May 20;


Mosquito, Bionic. 2016G.  “Open Borders and the Real World.” May 24; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2016/05/bionic-mosquito/open-borders-real-world/

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016H. “Burnt Toast.” May 26;

Mosquito, Bionic. 2016I. “Thank You, Jacob.” June 1;

Mosquito, Bionic. 2017A. “How Much Mixing of Labor with Land?” May 10; http://bionicmosquito.blogspot.ca/2017/05/how-much-mixing-of-labor-with-land.html

Mosquito, Bionic. 2017B. “Success.” May 12;


Rockwell, Lew. 2015. “Open Borders: A Libertarian Reappraisal.” November 10; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2015/11/lew-rockwell/open-borders-assault-private-property/

Rothbard, Murray N. 1994. “Nations by Consent: Decomposing the Nation-State,” Journal of Libertarian Studies; 11, no. 1, Fall; http://mises.org/journals/jls/11_1/11_1_1.pdf

Simon, Julian. 1998. “Are there grounds for limiting immigration?” Journal of Libertarian Studies ; 13:2, Summer: 137–152; http://mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_2.pdf

de Soto, Jesús Huerta. 1998. “A Libertarian Theory of Free Immigration.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2, Summer, pp. 187-197;



2:22 pm on October 10, 2020

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Free Will

From: Coleman Green

Sent: Wednesday, July 29, 2020 5:47 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>; Alejandro Hernandez

Subject: Free Will

Dear Dr. Block,

First, I hope you are well

Second, have you written anything on libertarian free will? If free will is an illusion as argued by many contemporary scientists and philosophers (though I am not yet persuaded), what would this mean for libertarianism?

I look forward to seeing you in the fall!



Dear Cole:

Here are my pubs on that topic:

Van Schoelandt, Chad, Ivan Jankovic and Walter E. Block. 2016. “Rejoinder on Free Will, Determinism, Libertarianism and Austrian Economics.” Dialogue, Issue 2; http://www.uni-svishtov.bg/dialog/title.asp?lang=en&title=565http://,%20Determinism,%20Libertarianism%20and%20Austrian%20Economics.EML/1_multipart_xF8FF_2_p565__DialogueBook2eng2016_81_95.pdf/C58EA28C-18C0-4a97-9AF2-036E93DDAFB3/p565__DialogueBook2eng2016_81_95.pdf?attach=1;


Block, Walter E. 2015. “Free will, determinism, libertarianism and Austrian economics” Dialogue, Issue 3, p.1; http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/110798998/free-will-determinism-libertarianism-austrian-economics;

Dear :

Best regards,



2:25 am on October 8, 2020

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From: Jim Sheehan

Sent: Monday, July 27, 2020 8:59 AM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Forced savings for education of children

Dr Block,

If the government stopped forcibly educating children, wouldn’t some “greedy” parents skimp on education costs and deprive their kids of adequate education? What is the libertarian case for not forcing these “selfish” parents to pay for educating their kids?



Dear Jim:

That’s a tough question. Libertarians do not speak with one voice on this. Possibly, such a parent could be arrested as a child abuser, but I wouldn’t support that. In my view, there are no positive obligations, only negative ones.

Here’s a biblio on this issue:

Block, 1976, 2003, 2004, 2011, 2013; Block and Fleischer, 2010; Evers, 1978A, 1978B; Feser, 2004; Rothbard, 1982, chapter 14.

Block, Walter E. 2008 [1976]. Defending the Undefendable. Auburn, AL: The Mises Institute; http://mises.org/books/defending.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2003.  “Libertarianism vs. Objectivism; A Response to Peter Schwartz,” Reason Papers, Vol. 26, Summer, pp. 39-62; http://www.reasonpapers.com/pdf/26/rp_26_4.pdf  Nambla, child sexuality, child abuse

Block, Walter E. 2004. “Libertarianism, Positive Obligations and Property Abandonment: Children’s Rights,” International Journal of Social Economics; Vol. 31, No. 3, pp 275-286; http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContainer.do?containerType=Issue&containerId=18709http://www.walterblock.com/publications.php#recent-arts;


Block, Walter E. 2011. “Terri Schiavo: A Libertarian Analysis” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 527–536; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_26.pdf

December 9, 2013. Debate: Walter Block and Stefan Molyneux, Freedomain Radio on spanking children. Michael DeMarco; operations@freedomainradio.com; skype: michaelmdemarco; 716-533-2171; Video: http://youtu.be/EgCmoVbdYtE

MP3: http://cdn.media.freedomainradio.com/feed/FDR_2552_Walter_Block_Debate.mp3

July 16, 2017. Vancouver, BC, Canada. Walter Block debates Tim Moen, Leader of the Canadian Libertarian Party. https://www.facebook.com/events/1800169280300222/

Topic: Is spanking children compatible with libertarianism? Contact: Victor Pross: artpross@hotmail.com; or go here:

https://www.facebook.com/events/1800169280300222/1831218550528628/?acontext=%7B%22ref%22%3A%2229%22%2C%22ref_notif_type%22%3A%22admin_plan_mall_activity%22%2C%22action_history%22%3A%22null%22%7D&notif_t=admin_plan_mall_activity&notif_id=1498028247599964. Open to the public. https://youtu.be/J6Kto38tk1I

Block, Walter E. and Michael Fleischer. 2010. “How Would An Anarchist Society Handle Child Abuse?” October 13; https://www.lewrockwell.com/block/block167.html

Evers, Williamson M. 1978A. “Rawls and Children.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 109-114; http://mises.org/journals/jls/2_2/2_2_2.pdf

Evers, Williamson M. 1978B. “The Law of Omissions and Neglect of Children,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1 – 10; http://mises.org/journals/jls/2_1/2_1_1.pdf

Feser, Edward. 2004. “Self-Ownership, Abortion and the Rights of Children.” Journal of Libertarian Studies. Vol. 18, No. 3, Summer, pp. 91-114; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/18_3/18_3_5.pdf

Rothbard, Murray N. 1998 [1982]. The Ethics of Liberty, New York: New York University Press. http://www.mises.org/rothbard/ethics/ethics.asp

Best regards,



2:24 am on October 8, 2020

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From: Susan Spencer

Sent: Sunday, July 26, 2020 1:49 PM

To: wblock@loyno.edu

Subject: Milton Friedman

Dear Dr. Block:

I read your very nice article about Dr. Friedman this morning that was on Lucienne. It is so seldom and a real pleasure that Friedman is noted for his excellent economics by you.   I have always felt, as you apparently do, that he was a genius economist whose free market ideas always favored the people rather than politicians who tend to favor those policies that will obtain votes to increase Party power.  He was one who could apply his theories for the good of our  country’s citizens across a huge swath of their lives; much unlike most economists tied up with either politics or Mathematics that is  generally devoid of practical applications. That seems to be explained best in Julien Benda’s ,“La trahison des clercs”(The Treason of the Intellectuals).

I am attaching a paper I authored that encommasses Dr. Friedman’s  thinking with resolving  the plight of our Federal unfunded liabilities; or, at least, I have attempted to do so. If you like, you may take me to task if it is too far out for the political scene that is now trending, seemingly  more toward socialism than free markets.  The Left seems to have abandoned our Constitutional Republic  for a democracy and that always creates a tyranny where our personal  freedoms and our economic freedom will be at the ‘will of the people’ and subject to their personal ideological whims rather than those granted to us by our Constitution.

As you stated in your article we would be a better country with Friedman’s theories than Biden’s Basement gibberish. However, since I am from Delaware many of us do wish he had taken to his basement  along with his gibberish many years back!

I am thanking you in advance for your kindness and consideration.


Richard L. Spencer, Ph.D.

LtCol  Ret. USAF

Letter 2

On Sun, Jul 26, 2020 at 4:40 PM Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu> wrote:

Dear Richard:

Please send me the link to this article of mine.

Yes, Milton has made great contributions to our society, economy.

Best regards,


Letter 3

From: Susan Spencer < >

Sent: Sunday, July 26, 2020 7:06 PM

To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu>

Subject: Re: Milton Friedman

Here it is. https://www.ocregister.com/2020/07/25/joe-biden-swings-and-misses-in-swipe-at-milton-friedman/

Letter 4

Dear Richard:


The best thing ever written on Milton Friedman is this:

Rothbard, Murray N. 2002. “Milton Friedman Unraveled.”

Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4, Fall, pp.

37-54; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/16_4/16_4_3.pdf

Here are some of my own attempts in this regard:

As I mentioned at the end of the essay, I do have some disagreements with him (if you only read one of these, read the last one):

Block, 1999, 2003, 2010, 2011, 2013; Block and Barnett, 2012-2013; Friedman and Block, 2006;

Block, Walter E. 2013. “Was Milton Friedman a socialist” Management Education Science Technology Journal (MEST Journal); Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 11- 26; http://mest.meste.org/MEST_1_2013/_02.pdf;


Block, Walter E. 1999. “The Gold Standard: A Critique of Friedman, from the free enterprise perspective, Greenspan,” Managerial Finance, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 15-33; http://giorgio.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContainer.do?containerType=Issue&containerId=13529http://www.mises.org/etexts/goldcritique.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2003. “Private property rights, economic freedom, and Professor Coase: A Critique of Friedman, McCloskey, Medema and Zorn,” Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 26, No. 3, Summer, pp. 923-951; http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_go2782/is_3_26/ai_n6640908/?tag=content

Block, Walter E. 2010. “Milton Friedman on Intolerance: A Critique.” Libertarian Papers; Vol. 2, No. 41;


Block, Walter E. 2011. “How Not To Defend the Market: A critique of Easton, Miron, Bovard, Friedman and Boudreaux .” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 581–592; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_28.pdf

Block, Walter E. and William Barnett II. 2012-2013. “Milton Friedman and the financial crisis,” American Review of Political Economy, Vol. 10, No. 1/2, June, 2012 – June 2013; pp. 2-17; http://www.ARPEJournal.comhttp://arpejournal.com./ARPEvolume10number1-2/Block.pdfarpejournal.com

Friedman, Milton and Walter E. Block. 2006. “Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence Between Walter E. Block and Milton Friedman (on Friedrich Hayek’s Road to Serfdom).” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 20, No. 3, Summer, pp. 61-80; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/20_3/20_3_4.pdfhttps://mises.org/system/tdf/20_3_4.pdf?file=1&type=document

Best regards,



2:23 am on October 8, 2020

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