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Is Libertarianism A Philosophy Of Life? No.

—–Original Message—–
From: B
Sent: Sat 10/15/2016 2:22 PM
To: wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: Thanks for all your work

Dear Mr. Block,

I just want to thank you for your uncompromising work toward a free
society. I think I’ve read all your work and I continue to read LRC for
your blogs. If nothing else they confirm my anarcho-capitalist views. I
wish I had time to write stuff like this – i might shortly.

We met – although I’m not sure you remember – twice. In 1989 and in 1992.
First time I think in New York and second time possibly in Las Vegas. You
signed my books ;o)

I am from Europe but now live in the US (Texas). I studied with Israel
Kirzner in 1989-90 _New York) and Rothbard (Las Vegas) 1990-91.

I wrote a few papers on the Austrian theory. I wrote a lot of popular news
articles based on the same. In my native language …. Danish. The last 20
years I have just done business but in personal views I never moved.

I have a question in mind though. I have been following LRC for a long
time. A lot of people refers to anarcho-capitalism as a “political
philosophy”. Well to me it’s not only economic or political philosophy but
much more a philosophy of life. Wouldn’t that be more correct.?

Thanks again. B

Dear B: No. In my view, libertarianism is not at all a philosophy of life. Rather, it is a very, very, very limited philosophy. It pretty much asks only one question: “when is violence against another person justified?” and pretty much gives only one answer: “only in response to a prior use of violence, or threats.” That is, violence may properly be used only in defense, not offense. When the latter is engaged in, the perpetrator should be punished. That’s libertarianism in a nutshell, at least the way I see it.

In contrast, in sharp contrast, are questions like, “Should I get drunk tonight?” “Should I play checkers or chess?” “Who was the greatest composer of all time; Mozart or Bach?” “Should I stay in school, or get a job.” “Should I discriminate on the basis of race or sex?” “Should I hate short people?” These are all questions that a philosophy of life would answer. Libertarianism has not a single solitary thing to say about any of them. ANY of them. Because none of them are relevant to the usage of violence or threats.


2:23 pm on December 26, 2018

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Give Me A Christmas Present: Enroll at Loyola University New Orleans

Give Me A Christmas Present; Enroll at Loyola University New Orleans

Here are two letters relevant to this request of mine:

Letter 1

From: B
Sent: Monday, March 27, 2017 6:46 PM
To: Walter Block
Subject: Re: permissions
Hi Dr. Block! You are a hero of mine. I don’t have many. I pray you remain healthy, wealthy, and wise for many years to come. One question about your future, if I may. Do you have any plans to retire, ever? Please answer that you don’t. Sincerely, B

P.S. Reason I ask, my child is still a full four years away from heading off to university…

Dear B: I’m now 77 years old. When I’m 90, I’m going to give VERY serious thought to retiring; but I probably won’t then, either. I’d be delighted to have any child of yours as a student. Best regards, Walter

Letter 2

From R
Austrian Economics Introductions
From: R
Sent: Friday, March 24, 2017 9:27 PM
To: wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: Questions on schools, what to minor in, and book recommendations?
Dear Mr. Block: Hello sir, my name is R, and first I just want to say I am a fan, and enjoy your work. I’m writing you today about if there are any schools in Florida that teach Austrian Economics? I would also like to know what an economics major should minor in? Also if you can recommend some books I should read on Austrian Economics, and libertarianism, or any other books, any material you might want to recommend? I read the Mises Institute daily, and I have recently read Economics in One Lesson, The Law, End the Fed, Anatomy of the State, and just started Economic Science and the Austrian Method by Hoppe. Thank you very much Robert Muñoz

Dear R: Sorry, I know of no universities Florida where Austrian economics is taught by more than one professor. However, Randy Holcombe of Florida State has contributed to Austrian economics, but I don’t think there are any other Austrian professors there. Econ majors who intend to go to mainstream US universities for a phd should minor in math; econ majors who intend to go to European universities for a phd which feature Austrian economics should minor in philosophy. You’re off to a good start with your readings. For more suggestions, see below. Also, why not consider coming to Loyola to study with me and my entire department, consisting of 100% Austrian economists, all of us are also libertarians?

Here are introductions to Austrian Economics:

Ballve, 1963; Bien-Greaves, 2012; Butler, 2010; Callahan, 2002; Cox, 2007; Gordon, 2000; Dolan, 1976; Hazlitt, 1946; Murphy, 2010A, 2010B; Ritenour, 2010; Rockwell, 1995; Shapiro, 1985; Schiff and Schiff, 2010; Taylor, 2008; Woods, 2009, 2011

Ballve, Faustino. [1956] 1963. Essentials of Economics. Princeton, N.J.: D. Van Nostrand

Bien-Greaves, Bettina. 2012. “Free Market Economics Syllabus.” Auburn, Alabama: Mises Institute; http://www.amazon.com/Free-Market-Economics-Syllabus-ebook/dp/B007W64E02

Butler, Eammon. 2010. ‘Austrian Economics: A Primer . London, UK: Adam Smith Institute; http://www.adamsmith.org/research/books/austrian-economics-a-primer
Callahan, Gene. 2002. Economics for Real People. Auburn, AL.: Mises Institute

Cox, Jim. 2007. The Concise Guide to Economics, Auburn, Alabama: Mises Institute

Gordon, David. 2000. An Introduction to Economic Reasoning. Auburn, Alabama: Mises Institute

Dolan, Edwin G., ed. 1976. The Foundations of Modern Austrian Economics, Kansas City: Sheed & Ward, http://www.econlib.org/library/NPDBooks/Dolan/dlnFMAContents.html

Hazlitt, Henry. 2008 [1946]. Economics in One Lesson. Auburn, AL: Mises Institute;

Murphy, Robert P.2010A. Lessons for the Young Economist. Auburn, AL: Mises Institute

Murphy, Robert P. 2010B. “What is Austrian economics?”

Ritenour, Shawn. 2010. Foundations of Economics, Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock.

Rockwell, Llewellyn. 1995. Why Austrian Economics Matters. http://mises.org/page/1444/Why-Austrian-Economics-Matters; http://mises.org/etexts/why_ae.asp

Schiff, Peter D. and Andrew J. Schiff. 2010. How an Economy Grows and Why It Crashes. Wiley

Shapiro, Milton M. 1985. The Foundations of the Market Price System. Boston: University Press of America; http://www.mises.org/etexts/Foundations.pdf

Taylor, Thomas C. 2008. An Introduction to Austrian Economics. Auburn AL: The Mises Institute; http://mises.org/document/57; http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001BSHNDC?ie=UTF8&tag=lewrockwell&linkCode=xm2&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B001BSHNDC

Woods, Thomas E. Jr. 2009. Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing

Woods, Thomas E. Jr. 2011. “Learn Austrian Economics.” December 20;

Here is the case for enrolling at Loyola University New Orleans:

Block, Walter E. 2017. “C’mon Down To New Orleans; The Water’s Fine. Enroll at Loyola University.” June 27;

C’mon Down To New Orleans; The Water’s Fine. Enroll at Loyola University

Loyola Economics Students Published Widely in Refereed Journals; http://www.loyno.edu/news/story/2017/7/17/3962

Block, Walter. 2017. “The Best Place to Study Undergraduate Economics.” June 30; http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2017/06/the-best-place-to-study-undergraduate.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+economicpolicyjournal%2FKpwH+%28EconomicPolicyJournal.com%29

Wenzel, Robert. 2017. Interview with Walter E. Block. “The Inside Scoop on Studying Economics at Loyola University-New Orleans” September 3;

Block, Walter E. 2008. “Attention Students: Should You Get Your Ph.D. and Become a Professor?” June 28; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block104.html (debate with Gary North) https://www.lewrockwell.com/lrc-blog/young-person-saved-from-academia/;

Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)

https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)

WEB Scholarship: http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2018/12/introducing-walter-e-block-scholarship.html

Block, Walter E. 2018. “Scholarship Opportunity: Spring 2019 New Business Students!” December 15; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/12/walter-e-block/scholarship-opportunity-spring-2019-new-business-students/

Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “An Opportunity to Study Under a Libertarian Great.” December 11;

Wenzel, Robert. 2018. “Introducing the Walter E. Block Scholarship.” December 11;

Our economics department: http://www.business.loyno.edu/bios/faculty?field_bio_program_filter_value=Economics

Walter E. Block is Harold E. Wirth Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business, Loyola University New Orleans, and senior fellow at the Mises Institute. He earned his PhD in economics at Columbia University in 1972. He has taught at Rutgers, SUNY Stony Brook, Baruch CUNY, Holy Cross and the University of Central Arkansas. He is the author of more than 500 refereed articles in professional journals, two dozen books, and thousands of op eds. He lectures widely on college campuses, delivers seminars around the world and appears regularly on television and radio shows. He is the Schlarbaum Laureate, Mises Institute, 2011; and has won the Loyola University Research Award (2005, 2008) and the Mises Institute’s Rothbard Medal of Freedom, 2005; and the Dux Academicus award, Loyola University, 2007.
Prof. Block counts among his friends Ron Paul and Murray Rothbard. He was converted to libertarianism by Ayn Rand. Block is old enough to have once met Ludwig von Mises, and shaken his hand. Block has never washed that hand since. So, if you shake his hand (it’s pretty dirty, but what the heck) you channel Mises.
Block is a leading Austrian School economist and an international leader of the freedom movement. His earliest work Defending the Undefendable (first edition Fleet 1976, latest edition Mises 2008, translated in 12 languages) is now, more than 30 years later, still regarded as a classic of libertarianism. This collection of essays, which argues in behalf of societal villains as economic scapegoats based on the principles of nonaggression, forces its reader to think and to rethink his initial knee-jerk emotional responses, and to gain a new and far sounder appreciation of economic theory and of the virtues and operations of the free market economy. Block’s writing was inspired by Henry Hazlitt, the author of the most widely read economics text Economics in One Lesson. Block’s latest book is: Yes to Ron Paul and Liberty.
Block has been a fixture in the libertarian movement for some four Decades. He actually met Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek, and was friends with, and mentored by, Murray Rothbard. His contributions to academic libertarianism and to Austrian economics have been prodigious. Block’s writings continue to challenge the conventional wisdom (or ignorance) of how economics works and will retain its freshness for decades to come. His public speaking style has been described as a combination of that of Woody Allen, Lenny Bruce and Murray Rothbard
Dr. Block has written over 500 articles for peer reviewed refereed journals, some two dozen books, and literally thousands of op eds for magazines and newspapers. Block appears widely on radio and television. He is a contributor to such scholarly journals as The Review of Austrian Economics, Journal of Libertarian Studies, The Journal of Labor Economics, and the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. He is currently Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, College of Business Administration, at Loyola University New Orleans.

Top Ten Contemporary Academics Helping The Political Right (#8)

https://www.literature-map.com/max+stirner.html Literature map; some interesting writers

100 Most Influential Libertarians: A Newsmax/FreedomFest List (#46)

Autobiography: https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block21.html


2:52 pm on December 25, 2018

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Extremism In Defense Of Truth Is No Vice

A relative of mine sent me this. See below for my response. (He and I have interesting conversations at family gatherings).

From: B
Sent: Monday, December 24, 2018 7:29 AM
To: undisclosed-recipients:
Subject: Fwd: People with extreme political views have trouble thinking about their own thinking | Popular Science

Subject: People with extreme political views have trouble thinking about their own thinking | Popular Science Where do you fit in?


Dear B:

I am neither a super liberal nor a super conservative

Rather, I am a moderate libertarian.

Who gets to define who’s views are extreme? Yes, moderate views of the sort I have are “extreme” in the sense that very few people hold them. But, “extreme” is not merely a statistical concept. It is also a heavily laden pejorative as well.

The first guy who thought the earth was round was initially “extreme.” The first guy who thought the earth revolved around the sun, rather than the other way around, was initially “extreme.” The first guy who said doctors ought to wash their hands between patients was initially “extreme.” We moderate libertarians are now “extreme” exactly in the sense that these pioneers were.

We libertarians favor liberty, the last best hope for humanity. Liberals and conservatives, whether moderate or “extreme,” oppose vast swatches of liberty. They are anti human.

Best regards,


Walter E. Block, Ph.D.
Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics
6363 St. Charles Avenue
Loyola University New Orleans
New Orleans, LA 70118
tel: 504 864 7934
skype: Walter.Block4


12:47 pm on December 24, 2018

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From: R
Sent: Saturday, September 16, 2017 3:17 PM
To: Walter Block <wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: Re: hey

Hey, Fractional reserve banking is inflationary and causes the boom and bust cycle

Booms lead to misallocation of resources and the busts leads to reallocation of those resources

So is identifying and shorting bubbles the only way to correct this mistake? Thanks and Regards R

Dear R:

The best way to correct this mistake is to get rid of the Fed and central banks and to embrace Austrian Business Cycle Theory. About which, here are some readings:

(all that now appears are those readings. Please leave in those readings, but insert the above beforehand)

How can I manage not to screw up like this in future?

Best regards,


Walter E. Block, Ph.D.

Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics

6363 St. Charles Avenue

Loyola University New Orleans

New Orleans, LA 70118


tel: 504 864 7934

skype: Walter.Block4

Anderson, 2009A, 2009B, Barnett and Block 2005, 2006A, 2006B, 2008; Block, 2001; Block and Barnett, 2007; Cochran, Call, and Glahe, 1999; Cochran and Call, 1998; Cochran and Glahe, 1994; Cochran, 1998, 2001A, 2001B, 2001C 2003, 2009; Gunning, 1985; Murphy, 2008A, 2008B, 2008C, 2009A, 2009B, 2009C, 2010, 2011, undated; Raj, 2008; Ritenour, 2000; Rosenthal, 2012; Salerno, 1989, 1996. 1999, 2000; Sechrest, 1998; Woods, 2009A, 2009B

Anderson, William L. 2009. “Friedman and the Fed: Is Liquidity the Answer?” April 17; http://mises.org/story/2929

Anderson, William L. 2009. “One Cheer for Paul Krugman, or Why the Bubble Economy?”
January 1; http://mises.org/story/3275

Barnett, William II and Walter E. Block. 2005. “Professor Tullock on Austrian Business Cycle Theory,” Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 8, pp. 431-443

Barnett, William II and Walter E. Block. 2006A. “On Gallaway and Vedder on Stabilization Policy” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. Vol. 9, No. 1, spring, pp. 57-81; http://www.mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae9_1_5.pdf

Barnett, William and Walter E. Block. 2006B. “Tyler Cowen on Austrian Business Cycle Theory: A Critique.” New Perspectives on Political Economy, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 26-84; http://pcpe.libinst.cz/nppe/2_2/nppe2_2_2.pdf; http://pcpe.libinst.cz/nppe/

Barnett, William II and Walter E. Block. 2008. “Reply to Hummel on Austrian Business Cycle Theory.” Reason Papers Vol. 30, Fall, pp. 59-90; http://www.reasonpapers.com/pdf/30/rp_30_4.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2001. “Yes, We Have No Chaff: A Reply to Wagner’s “Austrian Business Cycle Theory: Saving the Wheat While Discarding the Chaff,” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring, pp. 63-73. //www.mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae4_1_4.pdf

Block, Walter and William Barnett, II. 2007. “On Laidler on Austrian Business Cycle Theory.” Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 20, No. 1, March, pp. 43-61; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11138-006-0004-y

Block, Walter and William Barnett II. 2007. “The Austrian Tent? A Rejoinder to Gallaway and Vedder” Corporate Ownership & Control, Vol. 4, No. 3, p. 232;

Cochran, John P., Call, Steven T., and Glahe, Fred R. 1999. “Credit Creation or Financial Intermediation? Fractional Reserve Banking in a Growing Economy.” The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, vol. 2, no. 3, 53-64. http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/Qjae2_3_2.pdf

Cochran, John P. and Call, Steven T. 1998. “The Role of Fractional Reserve Banking and Financial Intermediation in the Money Supply Process: Keynes and the Austrians.” The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. 1(3): 29-40. http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/Qjae33.pdf .

Cochran, John P. and Glahe, Fred R. 1994. “The Keynes-Hayek Debate: Lessons for Contemporary Business Cycle Theorists.” History of Political Economy 26(1), Spring: 69-94. Reprinted in Wood, John ed. 2004. Friedrich A. von Hayek: Critical Assessments of Contemporary Economists, 2nd Series Vol. II. Routledge, pp. 60-82; http://hope.dukejournals.org/cgi/reprint/26/1/69 .

Cochran, John P. 1998. “Review of Central Banking in Theory and Practice, Alan S. Blinder, Cambridge and London: The MIT Press, 1998.” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, vol.1, no. 4 (winter), pp. 89-92. http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/Qjae45.pdf .

Cochran, John P. 2001A. “Hayek’s Law and Rothbard’s Wisdom.” www.mises.org. August 22. http://mises.org/daily/765

Cochran, John P. 2001B. “The Hangover Theory?” March 16. http://mises.org/daily/630

Cochran, John P. and Call, Steven T. 2001C. “Austrian Business Cycles, Plucking Models, and Real Business Cycles.” Ludwig Von Mises Institute Working Paper. http://mises.org/journals/scholar/Cochran.pdf .

Cochran, John P. 2003. “False Hopes, False Fears, and Real Concerns.” Daily Article at http://www.mises.org ; June 17. http://www.mises.org/fullstory.asp?control=1249. ‘Reprinted’ at gold-eagle.com as http://www.gold-eagle.com/gold_digest_03/cochran061803.html.

Cochran, John P. 2009. “Return of the Dead Hand”.” Daily Article at http://www.mises.org ; June 24. 2009. http://mises.org/story/3516

Gunning, J. Patrick. (1985) “Causes of Unemployment: The Austrian Perspective.” History of Political Economy. 17 (2): 222-244.

Murphy, Robert P. 2008A. “Consumers Don’t Cause Recessions” November 11; http://mises.org/story/3194

Murphy, Robert P. 2008B. “An Open Letter to Gary Becker re: Depressions” November 24;

Murphy, Robert P. 2008C. “Filling the Holes in Krugman’s Analysis” January 15;

Murphy, Robert P. 2015 “Paul Krugman: Three Wrongs Don’t Make a Right.” May 20; http://fee.org/freeman/paul-krugman-three-wrongs-dont-make-a-right/
Murphy, Robert P. 2011 “My Reply to Krugman on Austrian Business Cycle Theory.” January 24; https://mises.org/library/my-reply-krugman-austrian-business-cycle-theory

Murphy, Robert P. 2009A. “Does “Depression Economics” Change the Rules?” January 12;

Murphy, Robert P. 2009B. “Robert Lucas’s Strange Faith in Bernanke” January 26; http://mises.org/story/3305

Murphy, Robert P. 2009C. “Correcting Quiggin on Austrian Business-Cycle Theory” May 25; http://mises.org/story/3466

Murphy, Robert P. 2010. “The Economics of Libertarianism, Confused,” July 12;

Murphy, Robert P. 2011. “My Reply to Krugman on Austrian Business-Cycle Theory.” January 24; http://mises.org/daily/4993

Murphy replies to critics of abct: http://mises.org/story/3555

Raj, Madhusudan. 2008. “Mending the Meltdown : Fending off the Interventions and Resurrecting the Market,” The India Economy Review, December, pp. 38-44;[mises]%20please%20help%20on%20ABCT%20biblio.EML/1_multipart_xF8FF_2_Mending%20The%20Meltdown%20-%20Madhusudan%20Raj.pdf/C58EA28C-18C0-4a97-9AF2-036E93DDAFB3/Mending%20The%20Meltdown%20-%20Madhusudan%20Raj.pdf?attach=1
Ritenour, Shawn R. 2000. “Postmodern Economics: The Return of Depression Economics by Paul Krugman,” The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 3, No. 1: 79-83.
Rosenthal, Sean. 2012. “When Anticipation Makes Things Worse.” June 12;

Salerno, Joseph T. 1989. “Comment on Tullock’s ‘Why Austrians Are Wrong About Depressions.’” Review of Austrian Economics 3: 141-145; http://mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/rae3_1_11.pdf
Salerno, Joseph T. 1996. “Why We Are Winning.”Austrian Economics Newsletter, Fall , Volume 16, Number 3; http://mises.org/journals/aen/aen16_3_1.asp

Salerno, Joseph T. 1999. “Money and Gold in the 1920s and 1930s: An Austrian View”
Freeman, October, Volume, 49, Issue: 10;

Salerno, Joseph T. 2000. “Inflation and Money: A Reply to Timberlake,” September 2000 • Volume, 50, Issue: 9; http://www.thefreemanonline.org/featured/inflation-and-money-a-reply-to-timberlake/

Sechrest, Larry. 1998. Review of Tyler Cowen’s Risk and Business Cycles: New and Old Austrian Perspectives, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Fall 1998, Vol. 1, No. 3, 73-79; http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae1_3_9.pdf

Woods, Thomas E. Jr. 2009A. Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing

Woods, Thomas E. Jr. 2009B. “Response to the ‘Market Failure’ Drones” June 10; http://mises.org/story/3503

Woods, Thomas E. Jr. 2009. “Krugman Failure, Not Market Failure” June 19; https://www.lewrockwell.com/woods/woods116.html


4:56 pm on December 23, 2018

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I anxiously await some brave conservative to take a radical deportation line. What do I mean by that? Something along the following lines: The next Pakistani to blow up a bunch of innocent people in our fair land? We will deport ALL Pakistanis back to Pakistan. It will not matter if they are recent arrivals from that country, or children or grandchildren from that there. They will ALL be deported. That is, ALL of them, the innocents along with the guilty. The next Libyan to run down with a truck innocent people in our fair land? We will deport ALL Libyans back to Libya. It will not matter if they are recent arrivals from that country, or children or grandchildren from there. They will ALL be deported. That is, ALL of them, the innocents along with the guilty. The next Afghani, Syrian or Tunisian to engage in mass murder of innocent people in our fair land, whether by knife or bullet? We will deport ALL nationals back to those countries. It will not matter if they are recent arrivals from those countries, or children or grandchildren from there. They will ALL be deported. That is, ALL of them, the innocents along with the guilty. Ditto for every other nation.

So far, no one has said that. Ann Coulter (http://www.vdare.com/articles/ann-coulter-all-we-need-is-love-and-deportations?content=didn%E2%80%99t%20expect%20that) came pretty close, but she didn’t quite make it. (She only called for the deportation of the guilty, not their entire families; not all fellow countrymen).

Would such a threat be compatible with libertarianism? Of course not. It would be no more compatible with this philosophy than when a 22 year old engages in such uncivilized behavior to deport all 22 year olds. Or, when a man does so, to deport all men. Libertarian punishment theory focusses only on the guilty. But, still, I anxiously await some brave soul to mention this possibility. It would be fun to witness the wailing and gnashing of teeth on the part of our progressive friends in response to such a threat.

What, then, is the conservative solution to the problem? Why, to stop any and all immigration from any and all of the countries from whence these mass murderers emanate. As Ann Coulter says, “Poland doesn’t admit Muslims: It has no terrorism. Japan doesn’t admit Muslims: It has no terrorism. The United Kingdom and the United States used to have very few Muslims: They used to have almost no terrorism.” Yes, yes, most Muslims are not mass murderers; only a very few are suicide bombers. But, most mass murderers (apart from governments, of course), at least the ones now besetting the U.S. and Western Europe, are.

But, what of innocent immigrants who, say, homestead unowned parts of the country, say in the midst of the Rocky mountains in Wyoming, or in the middle of Alaska somewhere? The answer is to privatize every square inch of the targeted country. Then, when an uninvited immigrant crosses our borders (I am speaking now as a limited government libertarian, or minarchist), he could be turned back on the ground of trespassing. But, until and unless this occurs, there is no way to protect the recipient country that is fully compatible with libertarianism.

For further reading on this claim, see the following:

Block, 1983A, 1983B, 1988, 1990, 1998, 2004, 2011A, 2011B, 2013, 2016A, 2016B, 2017; Block and Callahan, 2003; Deist, 2018; Gregory and Block, 2007;

Block, Walter E. 1983A. “How immigrants CREATE jobs,” North Shore News, p. A6, January 30; http://tinyurl.com/2xklvn

Block, Walter E. 1983B. “Protect Canadian Jobs From Immigrants?” Dollars and Sense. February 7; reprinted in Block, Walter E. 2008. Labor Economics from a Free Market Perspective: Employing the Unemployable. London, UK: World Scientific Publishing; http://www.amazon.ca/Labor-Economics-Free-Market Perspective/dp/9812705686/ref=sr_1_7?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1336603241&sr=1-7;
Available for free here: https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B00FX9dsY4zJNXU5SmVKYVBQOWs/edit?usp=sharing;

Block, Walter E. 1988. Dollars and Sense: “Migration patterns tell real story.” January 12;

Block, Walter E. 1990. “Immigration,” Fraser Forum, January, pp. 22-23.

Block, Walter E. 1998. “A Libertarian Case for Free Immigration,” Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, Vol. 13, No. 2, summer, pp. 167-186; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/13_2/13_2_4.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2004. “The State Was a Mistake.” Book review of Hoppe, Han-Hermann, Democracy, The God that Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy and Natural Order, 2001May 25. http://www.mises.org/fullstory.asp?control=1522

Block, Walter E. 2011A. “Hoppe, Kinsella and Rothbard II on Immigration: A Critique.” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 593–623; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_29.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011B. “Rejoinder to Hoppe on Immigration,” Journal of Libertarian Studies Vol. 22: pp. 771–792; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_38.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2013. “Rejoinder to Todea on the ‘Open’ Contract of Immigration.” The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies, Vol. 8, No. 5, March, pp. 52-55

Block, Walter E. 2015. “On immigration.” December 21;

Block, Walter E. 2016A. “Contra Hoppe and Brat on immigration.” Management Education Science Technology journal, Vol 4, No. 1, pp. 1-10; http://mest.meste.org/MEST_1_2016/Sadrzaj_eng.html; http://mest.meste.org/MEST_1_2016/7_01.pdf; (1333)

Block, Walter E. 2016B. “A response to the libertarian critics of open-borders libertarianism,” Lincoln Memorial University Law Review; Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 142-165; http://digitalcommons.lmunet.edu/lmulrev/vol4/iss1/6/;

Block, Walter E. 2017. “Immigration and Homesteading.” March. The Journal Jurisprudence. Vol. 35, pp. 9-42; http://www.jurisprudence.com.au/juris35/block.pdf

Block, Walter E. and Gene Callahan. 2003. “Is There a Right to Immigration? A Libertarian Perspective,” Human Rights Review. Vol. 5, No. 1, October-December, pp. 46-71; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block-callahan_right-immigrate-2003.pdf

Deist, Jeff. 2018. “Block on immigration.” September 4;

Gregory, Anthony and Walter E. Block. 2007. “On Immigration: Reply to Hoppe.” Journal of Libertarian Studies, vol. 21, No. 3, Fall, pp. 25-42; http://mises.org/journals/jls/21_3/21_3_2.pdf; http://www.academia.edu/1360109/On_Immigration_Reply_to_Hoppe;


4:58 pm on December 21, 2018

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Is There a Tendency for Wages to Equal Productivity Under Free Enterprise? Yes.

From: C
Sent: Thursday, November 09, 2017 11:03 AM
To: wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: Wages and labor productivity
Hi, in an article (http://www.rebe.rau.ro/RePEc/rau/rseijr/SP15/RSEI-SP15-A1.pdf) you co-authored, it states, “a key economic principle: wages reflect labor productivity.” How did you reach the conclusion that wages always reflect labor productivity? Have you checked to see if there are any counterexamples? How could we determine what the labor productivity was, without knowing what the wages were, and then look at the wages to see if they did indeed reflect the labor productivity?

If a concrete example would help, suppose Jerry Givens executes 62 people over a period of 17 years, or about 3.6 executions per year. How productive was Jerry Givens over those 17 years?

Dear C: Thanks for your reference to this article of mine: Krasnozhon, Leo, David Simpson and Walter E. Block. 2015. “Fair trade: Its Real Impact on the Working Poor.” The Review of Social and Economic Issues (RSEI). Vol. 1, No. 2, Spring, pp- 5-28; http://rsei.rau.ro/index.php/last; http://rsei.rau.ro/images/V1N2/Articol_1.pdf; translation by ‘Alexandru Butiseacă’ butiseaca@gmail.com; http://www.rebe.rau.ro/RePEc/rau/rseijr/SP15/RSEI-SP15-A1.pdf

Yes, I still maintain that under free enterprise, wages tend to equal marginal revenue product. How do I know this? It is due to the praxeological fact that if the two diverge, we reach an unstable situation, and market forces come into effect to once again move in the direction of equalizing them. For example, if wages are higher than productivity, the firm will lose money and eventually go bankrupt. When wages are lower than productivity, workers will leave for greener pastures. As an empirical matter, the best estimate of productivity is thus actual wages, in the marketplace. It would be very difficult determine the level of labor productivity without knowing what the wages are.

But this only applies to the free market system. Regarding employment in government, we have no reason to believe there will be any tendency for wages to equal productivity. In Rothbard’s view, in any case, we should subtract the government sector from GDP, rather than add it to it. This implies that productivity in the “public sector” is negative, while wages are certainly positive there. Givens is not employed by private industry; thus, we have no fix on his productivity, one way or the other.


7:24 pm on December 20, 2018

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Why Are There So Few Employee Owned Business Firms?

• From: B
Sent: Mon 5/22/2017 3:45 AM
• To: wblock@loyno.edu
• Subject: The case of the small painting company
• Dear Professor Block
• Why are most small companies owned by either sole proprietorships or small partnership and so rarely employee owned? If my Marxist friends are correct, wouldn’t it be the other way around? After all, the most people would get the most out of it, they would be extra happy and far more productive that way, right? If a company can afford to pay all their workers as well as one or more mooches/owners, then obviously a(n) employee owned business could easily out-compete them. It’s a no brainer, right?
• Now one might argue that it’s somehow cost prohibitive. Although I can’t see why. It’s easier for a group of people to pool their money to start a business than for a single person to do it. Many small businesses such as painting companies have tiny start up costs. No need for family wealth in this case or in many small businesses.
• I can even show the various tax advantages to having the business owned by more partners and not less. Write offs for everyone’s vehicles, deductions spread out so the profit is taxed in a lower bracket, no unemployment insurance to pay, no mandatory withholding etc. There is quite a bit of extra paperwork that goes with an employee that wouldn’t have to be done as well.
• Yours truly, Confused
• PS, Did you know that some of my Marxist friends believe that in a perfect society I wouldn’t be able to own a business and you wouldn’t be allowed to work for me if you wanted to? I guess that would be one way of increasing the number of employee owned small businesses. Although this brings up another question; These friends also claim to be anarchists. How does that work? Who’s going to enforce the ban on me not hiring you? I guess they could hire a private security company but then wouldn’t that make the private cops employees? I guess they could just shoot me themselves but that seems harshly totalitarian for such caring people.

Dear B: I think that the answer to your question has several parts. First, there is that matter of time preference. Employees usually prefer , at a great rate, money at present to money in the future. Employee owned firms would have to put up the investment money right away, and most workers, even if they have these funds, which they are less likely to have, are unwilling to do so. Then, there is risk preference and risk avoidance. Employers veer to the former, employees to the latter. In other words, the entrepreneur is more willing to take the risk of business failure. Not everyone wants to risk being the residual income claimant, paid off only if all goes well. Third, is specialization and division of labor. Some people want to be plumbers, others carpenters. It is a matter of taste. Ditto for starting up and running a company, vis a vis working for one.


5:24 pm on December 17, 2018

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What Jobs Could An Economics Major Have In An Anarcho-Capitalist World?

—–Original Message—–
From: A
Sent: Tue 8/15/2017 4:57 PM
To: Walter Block
Subject: Re: Price Gouging, CEO Salaries

Thanks sir. I was wondering what jobs an economics major could have in an anarcho-capitalist world? The only thing I can think of is in the financial services industry and academia? What would you think an econ major could get as a job in an anarcho-capitalist world?

Dear A: To your list I would add banking, insurance, investment. But that is only the tip of the iceberg. These are occupations for which a major in economics would be directly applicable. But economics, properly taught, is an integral part of a liberal arts education. Not one that includes feminist studies, black studies, queer studies, snowflake studies, whining studies, micro-aggression studies, sociology, etc. Rather, one that include the classics, fine literature, music, the sciences, mathematics, logic, etc. All of these, economics most assuredly included, prepare graduates for any job at all in the free economy that requires, rewards, clear thinking, common sense, sechel (in Yiddish). The dismal science, too, is a rigorous discipline, which preeminently can prepare its majors for virtually any intellectual field: medicine, law, business of any sort not just “the financial services industry.” Then, too, it is a precursor to graduate school in many academic disciplines, such as history, philosophy, political science, and, yes, ugh (for at least the way this is conducted nowadays), sociology too.


10:20 pm on December 16, 2018

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From: M
Sent: Wednesday, September 13, 2017 12:49 PM
To: wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: re: Rothbard on Coase

Dear Walter,

Rothbard on Coase is worth reading. (Rothbard is always worth reading, of course.)

See pp. 253-256 in his “Strictly Confidential The Private Volker Fund Memos”.

He doesn’t say that Coase bitterly opposes private property.

Sincerely, M

Dear M

I say, over and over again, that Coase bitterly opposed private property rights.

Murray doesn’t say that 2+2=4 at that point (pp. 253-256 in his “Strictly Confidential) either; that doesn’t mean Murray doesn’t buy into this equation. Murray is adamant that at least on social costs, Coase’s main “contribution” he was simply awful (see below). This is not to deny that Coase did make some important contributions. Radio waves, the firm, freedom of speech. But he is mainly known for his Law and Econoimcs and social costs, and there he was dreadful.

For an Austro-libertarian critique of the evil Coase, see this material:

Barnett and Block, 2005, 2007, 2009; Block 1977, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2010A, 2010B, 2010C, 2011; Block, Barnett and Callahan, 2005; Bylund, 2014; Cordato, 1989, 1992a, 1992b, 1997, 1998, 2000; DiLorenzo, 2014; Fox, 2007; Hoppe, 2004; Krause, 1999; Krecke, 1996; Lewin, 1982; North, 1990, 1992, 2002; Rothbard, 1982, 1997; Stringham, 2001; Stringham and White, 2004; Terrell, 1999; Wysocki, 2017.

Barnett, William II and Walter E. Block. 2005. “Professor Tullock on Austrian Business Cycle Theory,” Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 8, pp. 431-443

Barnett, William II and Walter E. Block. 2007. “Coase and Van Zandt on Lighthouses,” Public Finance Review, Vol. 35, No. 6, November, pp. 710-733; http://pfr.sagepub.com/content/35/6/710

Barnett, William and Walter E. Block. 2009. “Coase and Bertrand on Lighthouses,” Public Choice; 140(1–2):1–13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11127-008-9375-x

Block, Walter E. 1977. “Coase and Demsetz on Private Property Rights,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, Vol. I, No. 2, Spring, pp. 111-115, http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/1_2/1_2_4.pdf; reprint translation: “Coase y Demsetz sobre el derecho de propiedad privada,” Libertas 37, Octubre de 2002, año XIX, pp.5-20.

Block, Walter E. 1995. “Ethics, Efficiency, Coasean Property Rights and Psychic Income: A Reply to Demsetz,” Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 61-125, http://www.mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/rae8_2_4.pdf; http://www.mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/r82_4.pdf; reprint translation: “Ética, eficiencia, derechos de propiedad Coasianos e ingreso psíquico: una respuesta a Demsetz,” Libertas 37, octubre de 2002, año XIX, pp. 71-210

Block, Walter 1996. “O.J.’s Defense: A Reductio Ad Absurdum of the Economics of Ronald Coase and Richard Posner,” European Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 3, pp. 265-286; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block_oj’s-defense.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2000. “Private Property Rights, Erroneous Interpretations, Morality and Economics: Reply to Demsetz,” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring, pp. 63-78; http://www.mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae3_1_8.pdf; reprint translation: “Derecho de propiedad privada, interpretaciones erróneas, moralidad y economía: en respuesta a Demsetz,” Libertas 37, octubre de 2002, año XIX, pp. 227-264

Block, Walter E. 2003. “Private property rights, economic freedom, and Professor Coase: A Critique of Friedman, McCloskey, Medema and Zorn,” Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 26, No. 3, Summer, pp. 923-951; http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_go2782/is_3_26/ai_n6640908/?tag=content

Block, Walter E. 2006. “Coase and Kelo: Ominous Parallels and Reply to Lott on Rothbard on Coase,” Whittier Law Review, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 997-1022; https://litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=27+Whittier+L.+Rev.+997&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=7abe221cecca64ce06068c3cbfa36fd1

Block, Walter E. 2010A. “A Response to Brooks’ Support of Demsetz on the Coase Theorem.” Dialogue, Vol. 2; http://www.uni-svishtov.bg/dialog/2010/2.10.WB.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2010B. “Rejoinder to Brooks on Coase and Demsetz.” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics; Vol. 13, No. 4, Winter, pp. 56-73; http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae13_4_3.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2010C. “Rejoinder to Boettke on Coasean Economics and Communism.” Romanian Economic and Business Review, Vol. 5, No. 3, Fall, pp. 9-90; http://www.rebe.rau.ro/REBE%205%203.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011. “Rejoinder to Bertrand on lighthouses.” Romanian Economic and Business Review, Vol. 6, No. 3, Fall, pp. 49-67; http://www.rebe.rau.ro/REBE%206%203.pdf

Block, Walter E., William Barnett II and Gene Callahan. 2005. “The Paradox of Coase as a Defender of Free Markets,” NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 1075-1095; http://tinyurl.com/2hbzd4; http://www.nyujll.org/articles/Vol.%201%20No.%203/Vol.%201%20No.%203%20-%20Barnett,%20Block%20and%20Callahan.pdf; http://tinyurl.com/2hbzd4
to be reprinted in Mario Rizzo, ed. forthcoming. Austrian Law and Economics

Bylund, Per L. 2014. “Ronald Coase’s ‘nature of the firm’ and the argument for economic planning.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Volume 36, Number 3, September; ISSN 1053-8372 print; ISSN 1469-9656 online/14/03000 305 – 329 © The History of Economics Society, doi:10.1017/S1053837214000352

Cordato, Roy E. 1989. “Subjective Value, Time Passage, and the Economics of Harmful Effects,” Hamline Law Review, Vol. 12, No. 2, Spring, pp.229-244.

Cordato, Roy E. 1992a. “Knowledge Problems and the Problem of Social Cost” Journal of the History of Economic Thought, vol.14, Fall, pp. 209-224.

Cordato, Roy E. 1992b. Welfare Economics and Externalities in an Open-Ended Universe: A Modern Austrian Perspective, Boston: Kluwer.

Cordato, Roy E. 1997. “Market-Based Environmentalism and the Free Market: They’re Not the Same,” The Independent Review, Vol. 1, No. 3, Winter, pp. 371-386.

Cordato, Roy. 1998. “Time Passage and the Economics of Coming to the Nuisance: Reassessing the Coasean Perspective,” Campbell Law Review, vol. 20, No. 2, Spring, pp. 273-292

Cordato, Roy. 2000. “Chasing Phantoms in a Hollow Defense of Coase” The Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 13, No. 2, September, pp. 193-208.

DiLorenzo, Tom. 2014. “When Did Ronald Coase Become the Ayatollah of Economic Theory?” January 2; https://www.lewrockwell.com/2014/01/thomas-dilorenzo/the-beltarian-cult/

Fox, Glenn. 2007. “The Real Coase Theorems.” The Cato Journal: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Public Policy Analysis. Volume 27 Number 3, Fall, pp. 373-396; http://www.cato.org/pubs/journal/cj27n3/cj27n3-5.pdf

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2004. “The Ethics and Economics of Private Property.” October 11; https://www.lewrockwell.com/hoppe/hoppe11.html

Krauss, Michael. 1999. “Tort Law, Moral Accountability, and Efficiency: Reflections on the Current Crisis” Markets and Morality, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring; http://www.acton.org/publicat/m_and_m/1999_spr/krauss.html

Krecke, Elisabeth. 1996. “Law and the Market Order: An Austrian Critique of the Economic Analysis of Law,” Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines 7(1), March, pp.19-37; Commentaries on Law&Economics, 1997 Yearbook, ed., Robert W. McGee, pp.86-109.

Lewin, Peter. 1982. “Pollution Externalities: Social Cost and Strict Liability.” Cato Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, Spring, pp. 205-229.

North, Gary. 1990. Tools of Dominion: The Case Laws of Exodus, Tyler, TX: Institute for Christian Economics.

North, Gary. 1992. The Coase Theorem, Tyler, TX: The Institute for Christian Economics

North, Gary. 2002. “Undermining Property Rights: Coase and Becker,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, Vol. 16, No. 4, Fall, pp. 75-100; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/16_4/16_4_5.pdf

Rothbard, Murray N. 1982. “Law, Property Rights, and Air Pollution,” Cato Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring; reprinted in Economics and the Environment: A Reconciliation, Walter E. Block , ed., Vancouver: The Fraser Institute, 1990, pp. 233-279. http://www.mises.org/rothbard/lawproperty.pdf; http://mises.org/story/2120

Rothbard, Murray N. 1997. “Value Implications of Economic Theory,” Logic of Action I (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar), pp. 255-265.

Stringham, Edward Peter, and Mark White. 2004. “Economic Analysis of Tort Law: Austrian and Kantian Perspectives.” In Law and Economics: Alternative Economic Approaches to Legal and Regulatory Issues, ed. Margaret Oppenheimer and Nicholas Mercuro, 374-392. New York: M.E. Sharpe. http://www.sjsu.edu/stringham/docs/Stringham.and.White2005.pdf

Stringham, Edward. 2001. “Kaldor-Hicks Efficiency and the Problem of Central Planning,” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer, 41-50; http://www.mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae4_2_3.pdf

Terrell, Timothy D. 1999. “Property Rights and Externality: The Ethics of the Austrian School.” Journal of Markets and Morality. Vol. 2, No. 2, Fall; http://www.acton.org/publications/mandm/mandm_article_114.php

Wysocki, Igor. 2017. “Justice and Pareto-Efficiency (The Case Against Coase).” Dialogi Polityczne / Political Dialogues, pp. 33-46

Debate: Block vs. Demsetz: Block – Demsetz debate (on Ronald Coase):

1. Block, Walter E. 1977. “Coase and Demsetz on Private Property Rights,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Review, Vol. I, No. 2, 1977, pp. 111-115; http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/1_2/1_2_4.pdf

2. Demsetz, Harold. 1979. “Ethics and Efficiency in Property Rights Systems,” in Time, Uncertainty and Disequilibrium: Explorations of Austrian Themes, Mario Rizzo, ed., Lexington Mass.: D.C. Heath and Co; http://mises.org/Books/timeuncertainty.pdf (see chapter 5)

3. Block, Walter E. 1995. “Ethics, Efficiency, Coasean Property Rights and Psychic Income: A Reply to Demsetz,” Review of Austrian Economics, 8 (2): 61-125, http://www.mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/rae8_2_4.pdf

4. Demsetz, Harold. 1997. “Block’s Erroneous Interpretations,” Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 101-109; http://www.mises.org/journals/rae/pdf/rae10_2_6.pdf

5. Block, Walter E. 2000. “Private Property Rights, Erroneous Interpretations, Morality and Economics: Reply to Demsetz,” Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring, pp. 63-78; http://www.mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae3_1_8.pdf

Block-Lott Debate

Lott, John R. 1983-1984. “A Note on Law, Property Rights, and Air Pollution.” Cato Journal. Volume 3 Number 3, Winter, pp. 875-878

Block responded here:

Block, Walter E. 2006. “Coase and Kelo: Ominous Parallels and Reply to Lott on Rothbard on Coase,” Whittier Law Review, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 997-1022

Lott did not reply to this Block, 2006.


7:20 pm on December 14, 2018

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What Should Be The Libertarian Party’s Official Position On Abortion?

I think the LP position on abortion should be this:

Just as is the general public is divided on the very contentious issue of abortion, so are the members of the LP. Therefore, we take no position whatsoever on this matter. Murray Rothbard was strongly pro choice. Ron Paul is just as adamantly pro life. There are not two libertarian theorists with better credentials than these two. If they can disagree with each other, cordially, on this matter, then, so can we all.

Of course, in my view, both positions are wrong. That’s why at the next LP convention I feel it important to have a panel of three people, one pro choice, the other pro life and my own view, evictionism. I really think we can get some good publicity if the LP adopts my own view. But, that is a discussion for another day. In the meantime, I think my above statement will well serve the LP. This business of “We’re pro choice on everything” will lose us a significant following, and, for no good reason.

From: t
Sent: Thursday, September 14, 2017 5:28 PM
To: wblock@loyno.edu
Subject: Blockian Proviso

Parents do not have a positive right to make someone else pay for the consequences of their voluntary choices or abuse of drugs, etc. So if a voluntary sexual act results in the conception of a new human being, they also do not have the right to violate the N.A.P. against that new person.

That means more than the fact that they cannot murder it. It means more, since they are responsible for that person’s existence. They are obligated to ensure the well-being of that person until that child is of the age that it can live on its own, according to the principles you have previously described.

For example, the child cannot be accused of parasitic behavior as a welfare recipient or a thief might be. The child did not aggress in the slightest. The mother and father have “made the child helpless”.

Therefore in my opinion this makes an “eviction” of a child with no takers for adoption, is equivalent to murder. If you aggress against someone in a way that robs all means of self-sustenance from him, you owe him a living until he is able to fend for himself or someone else “adopts” him.

Dear T:
I have written lots about this. Please read what I have written; see below. Then, if you still have this query, do get back to me.

All: Akers, 2012A, 2012B; Block, 1977, 1978, 2001, 2004, 2010A, 2010B, 2011A, 2011B, 2011C, 2011, 2012, 2014A, 2014B, 2014; Block and Whitehead, 2005; Davies, 2012; Dyke and Block, 2011; Parr, 2011, 2013; Rothbard, 1978; Sadowsky, 1978; Shaffer, 2012; Wisniewski, 2010A, 2010B, 2011, 2013.

I. Here are Walter E. Block’s publications and speeches on abortion, pro life, pro choice, evictionism, followed by critiques of his views, followed by his responses to these critiques:

Block, 1977, 1978, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2010A, 2011, 2012, 2014A, 2014B; Block and Whitehead, 2005; Dyke and Block, 2011

Block, Walter E. 1977. “Toward a Libertarian Theory of Abortion.” The Libertarian Forum. Vol. 10, No. 9, September, pp. 6-8; http://www.mises.org/journals/lf/1977/1977_09.pdf

Block, Walter E. Undated (1997?). “L’Aborto: Una Legittima Difesa,” Claustrofobia, anno 1, n. 3, pp. 16-22.

Block, Walter E. 1978. “Abortion, Woman and Fetus: Rights in Conflict?” Reason, Vol. 9, No. 12, April, pp. 18-25.

Block, Walter E. 2001. “Stem Cell Research: The Libertarian Compromise.” September 3; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block5.html

Block, Walter E. 2004. “Libertarianism, Positive Obligations and Property Abandonment: Children’s Rights,” International Journal of Social Economics; Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 275-286; http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContainer.do?containerType=Issue&containerId=18709; http://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/block-children.pdf; https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/03068290410518256; https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/03068290410518256?fullSc=1&journalCode=ijse

Block, Walter E. 2014A. “Evictionism and Libertarianism.” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 290-294; http://jmp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/04/27/jmp.jhu012.full?keytype=ref&ijkey=3n1zc8zcBRnT586;

Block, Walter E. 2010B. “A libertarian perspective on the stem cell debate: compromising the uncompromisible,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. Vol. 35: 429-448;
ijkey=oczT7ytzmoAD1cz&keytype=ref; http://jmp.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/jhq033?ijkey=oczT7ytzmoAD1cz&keytype=ref ; http://wipimd.com/?&sttflpg=78eaf87fd81ebaaa7a245cca600b15bba8497c2cfbf1284c08a0260ba068d4ad&cmpgp0811Ueh016=ICD20811TEH0PkRLpL1IF; http://wipimd.com/?&sttflpg=4b842f7f4697bce38422e0bfe03e6ccad53070377a9303d5#JAL1

Block, Walter E. 2011A. “Terri Schiavo: A Libertarian Analysis” Journal of Libertarian Studies; Vol. 22, pp. 527–536; http://mises.org/journals/jls/22_1/22_1_26.pdf; http://libertycrier.com/walter-block-terri-schiavo/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+LibertyCrier+%28Liberty+Crier%29

Block, Walter E. 2012. “A Not So Funny Thing Happened to Me in Tampa.” August 30; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/block/block208.html

Block, Walter E. 2014A. “Should abortion be criminalized? Rejoinder to Akers, Davies and Shaffer on Abortion” Management Education Science Technology (MEST) Journal. Vol. 2, No. 1, January, pp. 33-44; http://fbim.meste.org/FBIM_1_2014/Sadrzaj_eng.html; http://fbim.meste.org/FBIM_1_2014/_04.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2014E. “Toward a libertarian theory of evictionism,” Journal of Family and Economic Issues. June; Volume 35, Issue 2, pp. 290-294; http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10834-013-9361-4;
http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1007/s10834-013-9361-4; http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/463/art%253A10.1007%252Fs10834-013-9361-4.pdf?auth66=1385583057_5dd1e3442d2db3f98c91dcf5a5d5fa43&ext=.pdf; http://www.springer.com/home?SGWID=0-0-1003-0-0&aqId=2507833&download=1&checkval=feff928fe5dfc72bc210032f220ca40a.

Block, Walter E. and Roy Whitehead. 2005. “Compromising the Uncompromisable: A Private Property Rights Approach to Resolving the Abortion Controversy,” Appalachian Law Review, 4 (2) 1-45; http://www.walterblock.com/publications/block-whitehead_abortion-2005.pdf; http://www.walterblock.com/wp-content/uploads/publications/block-whitehead_abortion-2005.pdf; https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228125532_Compromising_the_Uncompromisable_A_Private_Property_Rights_Approach_to_Resolving_the_Abortion_Controversy?ev=prf_pub

Dyke, Jeremiah and Walter E. Block. 2011. “Explorations in Property Rights: Conjoined Twins.” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 3, Art. 38; http://libertarianpapers.org/2011/38-dyke-block-conjoined-twins/

ijkey=oczT7ytzmoAD1cz&keytype=ref; http://jmp.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/jhq033?ijkey=oczT7ytzmoAD1cz&keytype=ref

II. Critics of evictionism::

Akers, 2012A, 2012B; Davies, 2012; Feser, 2004; Goodwin, 2014; Parr, 2011, 2013; Mosquito, 2014, 2015; Rothbard, ; Sadowsky, 1978; Shaffer, 2012; Rothbard, 1978; Vance, 2008, 2012; Wisniewski, 2010A, 2010B, 2011, 2013.

Akers, Becky. 2012A. “Not My Definition — or Webster’s Either — of ‘Trespassing’” September 6; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/blog/lewrw/archives/120226.html
Akers, Becky. 2012B. “What if the ‘Fetus’ Could Shoot Back?” September 12; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/blog/lewrw/archives/120728.html
Davies, Jim. 2012. “Abortion.” September 24;

Feser, Edward. 2004. “Self-ownership, abortion, and the rights of children: toward a more conservative libertarianism.” Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 18, no. 3 (Summer), pp. 91-114; http://www.indytruth.org/library/journals/libertarianstudies/18/18_3_5.pdf

Goodwin, Jonathan. 2014. “Libertarians and Abortion.” December 23;

Mosquito, Bionic. 2014. “Libertarians and Abortion.” December 23;

Mosquito, Bionic. 2015. “Walter Block, Specific Performance Contracts, and Abortion.” July 12; http://bionicmosquito.blogspot.com/2015/07/walter-block-specific-performance.html

Parr, Sean. 2011. “Departurism and the Libertarian Axiom of Gentleness.” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 3, No. 34, http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2011/lp-3-34.doc

Parr, Sean. 2013. “Departurism Redeemed – A Response to Walter Block’s ‘Evictionism is Libertarian; Departurism is Not: Critical Comment on Parr.’” Journal of Peace, Prosperity, and Freedom, Vol. 2, pp. 109-123; http://jppfaustralia.weebly.com/home/departurism-redeemed-a-response-to-walter-blocks-evictionism-is-libertarian-departurism-is-not-critical-comment-on-parr

Presley, Sharon and Robert Cooke (aka Morgan Edwards). 1979. “The right to abortion: a libertarian defense.” Association of libertarian feminists discussion paper

Rothbard, Murray N. 1978. “The editor replies.” Libertarian Forum. July-August, p. 3; http://mises.org/journals/lf/1978/1978_07-08.pdf

Sadowsky, S.J., James. 1978. “Abortion and Rights of the Child.” Libertarian Forum. July-August, pp. 2-3; http://mises.org/journals/lf/1978/1978_07-08.pdf

Shaffer, Butler. 2012. “Of Children and Fetuses.” September 17;

Vance, Laurence. 2008. “Is Ron Paul Wrong on Abortion?” January 29; https://archive.lewrockwell.com/vance/vance133.html

Vance, Laurence. 2012. “Libertarianism and Abortion.” July 17;

Wisniewski, Jakub Bozydar. 2010A. “A Critique of Block on Abortion and Child Abandonment.” Libertarian Papers Vol. 2, No. 16; http://libertarianpapers.org/2010/16-wisniewski-block-on-abortion/

Wisniewski, Jakub Bozydar. 2010B. “Rejoinder to Block’s Defense of Evictionism.” Libertarian Papers. Vol. 2, Art No. 27; http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2010/lp-2-37.pdf

Wisniewski, Jakub Bozydar. 2011. “Response to Block on Abortion, Round Three.” Libertarian Papers. Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 1-6;
http://libertarianpapers.org/2011/6-winiewski-response-to-block-on-abortion-round-three/; http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2011/lp-3-6.pdf

Wisniewski, Jakub Bozydar. 2013. “Abortion, Libertarianism and Evictionism: A Last Word.” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 153-162; http://libertarianpapers.org/2013/6-wisniewski-abortion-libertarianism-and-evictionism/

III. Block responds to critics:

Block, 2010A, 2010B, 2011A, 2011B, 2011C, 2014; forthcoming

Block, Walter E. 2010A. “Objections to the Libertarian Stem Cell Compromise,” Libertarian Papers 2, 34; http://libertarianpapers.org/2010/34-block-objections-to-the-libertarian-stem-cell-compromise/

Block, Walter E. 2010B. “Rejoinder to Wisniewski on Abortion.” Libertarian Papers; Vol. 32, No. 2; http://libertarianpapers.org/2010/32-block-rejoinder-to-wisniewski-on-abortion/; http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2010/lp-2-32.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2011A. “Response to Wisniewski on Abortion, Round Two.” Libertarian Papers; Vol. 3, Article No. 4; http://libertarianpapers.org/2011/4-block-response-to-wisniewski-on-abortion-round-two/

Block, Walter E. 2011B. “Response to Wisniewski on Abortion, Round Three.” Libertarian Papers, Vol. 3, No. 6; http://libertarianpapers.org/2011/37-block-response-to-wisniewski-on-abortion/

Block, Walter E. 2011C. “Evictionism is libertarian; departurism is not: critical comment on Parr.” Vol. 3, Article 36, Libertarian Papers;

Block, Walter E. 2014D. “Response to Wisniewski on Abortion, Round Four.” Management Education Science Technology Journal (MEST); Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 1-14;

Block, Walter E. 2013. “Rejoinder to Parr on Evictionism and Departurism” Journal of Peace, Prosperity & Freedom, Vol. 2, pp. 125-138; http://jppfaustralia.weebly.com/current-issue.html; http://jppfaustralia.weebly.com/uploads/1/4/5/5/14558572/journalpeaceprosperityfreedom_single.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2014. “Should abortion be criminalized? Rejoinder to Akers, Davies and Shaffer on Abortion” Management Education Science Technology (MEST) Journal. Vol. 2, No. 1, January, pp. 33-44; http://fbim.meste.org/FBIM_1_2014/Sadrzaj_eng.html; http://fbim.meste.org/FBIM_1_2014/_04.pdf

Block, Walter E. 2017. “Abortion Once Again; a response to Feser, Goodwin, Mosquito, Sadowsky, Vance and Watkins.” Journal of Constitutional Research (Brazil); Vol 4, No. 1, pp. 11-41; http://revistas.ufpr.br/rinc/article/view/50328; http://revistas.ufpr.br/rinc/issue/view/2292/showToc

From: L
Sent: Monday, September 18, 2017 2:06 PM
To: Walter Block


6:31 pm on December 13, 2018

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